Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is a common cause of vascular cognitive impairment. A number of disease features can be assessed on MRI including lacunar infarcts, T2 lesion volume, brain atrophy, and cerebral microbleeds. In addition, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is sensitive to disruption of white matter ultrastructure, and recently it has been… (More)
OBJECTIVES Lacunes are an important disease feature of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) but their relationship to cognitive impairment is not fully understood. To investigate this we determined (1) the relationship between lacune count and total lacune volume with cognition, (2) the spatial distribution of lacunes and the cognitive impact of lacune… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Carotid IMT is widely used as a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis. Prospective studies in largely white populations demonstrate that it is strongly associated with carotid plaque and is an independent predictor of stroke. There are few data from black populations. In a previous study, we showed that carotid IMT is increased in… (More)
Detecting treatment efficacy using cognitive change in trials of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) has been challenging, making the use of surrogate markers such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) attractive. We determined the sensitivity of MRI to change in SVD and used this information to calculate sample size estimates for a clinical trial. Data from… (More)
Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) has transformed the radiological assessment of a variety of cerebral pathologies, in particular acute stroke. In neuroimaging studies, DWI can also be used to evaluate pathology outside the brain parenchyma, although it is sometimes underutilised for this purpose. In this pictorial review, the principles of… (More)
Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is a major cause of stroke and cognitive decline. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) currently plays a central role in diagnosis, and advanced MRI techniques are widely used in research but are limited by spatial resolution. Human 7 Tesla (7T) MRI has recently become available offering the ability to image at higher spatial… (More)
The authors present a case of diplopia and eye pain due to orbital myositis in a patient with a de novo diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Systemic lupus erythematosus is a rare cause of orbital myositis and should be considered when other, more common, conditions have been excluded.
BACKGROUND Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), otherwise known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML), usually affects young adults and commonly presents with massive painless cervical lymphadenopathy. Extranodal disease is present in a third of patients, and it is recognised that this can involve the central nervous system. Intracranial RDD is… (More)