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Multicellular eukaryotes produce small RNA molecules (approximately 21-24 nucleotides) of two general types, microRNA (miRNA) and short interfering RNA (siRNA). They collectively function as sequence-specific guides to silence or regulate genes, transposons, and viruses and to modify chromatin and genome structure. Formation or activity of small RNAs(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana-potyvirus system was developed to identify compatibility and incompatibility factors involved during infection and disease caused by positive-strand RNA viruses. Several Arabidopsis mutants with increased susceptibility to Tobacco etch potyvirus (TEV) were isolated previously, revealing a virus-specific resistance system in the(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana knockout lines for the plant-specific eukaryotic translation initiation factors eIFiso4G1 (i4g1) and eIFiso4G2 (i4g2) genes have been obtained. To address the potential for functional redundancy of these genes, homozygous double mutant lines were generated by crossing individual knockout lines. Both single and double mutant plants were(More)
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