Andrew D Kosar

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We report on the development of a new SYBR Green I-based plate assay for analyzing the activities of antimalarial drugs against intraerythrocytic Plasmodium falciparum. This assay is considerably faster, less labor-intensive, and less expensive than conventional radiotracer (e.g., [3H]hypoxanthine and [3H]ethanolamine)-based assays or P. falciparum lactate(More)
Despite the worldwide public health impact of malaria, neither the mechanism by which the Plasmodium parasite detoxifies and sequesters haem, nor the action of current antimalarial drugs is well understood. The haem groups released from the digestion of the haemoglobin of infected red blood cells are aggregated into an insoluble material called haemozoin or(More)
Elucidating the altered physiology of various chloroquine resistant (CQR) strains of Plasmodium falciparum is essential for understanding the molecular basis of CQR. In this study, we have devised several new methods for analyzing digestive vacuolar (DV) pH for individual intraerythrocytic parasites under continuous perfusion. These use controlled(More)
Hemoglobin digestion in the intraerythrocytic trophozoite stages of the malaria parasite releases large quantities of heme, which is then detoxified by crystallization into regular crystallites, which are subsequently secreted into the host vascular network as malaria pigment. This crystalline product is isostructural with the synthetic phase b-hematin, and(More)
Malaria pigment, or beta-hematin, the insoluble heme detoxification product resulting from the intraerythrocitic digestion of hemoglobin by young malaria trophozoites has been structurally characterized by X-ray powder diffraction and shown to contain chains of propionic acid linked dimers. Although there is considerable spectroscopic evidence for a(More)
Using NMR inversion recovery experiments and XPLOR distance restraint calculations, we recently deduced the structure of ferriprotoporphyrin IX (FPIX) heme mu oxo dimer-antimalarial drug complexes for chloroquine (CQ), quinine (QN), and quinidine (QD) at atomic resolution [A. Leed et al., Biochemistry 2002, 41, 10245-55]. Using similar methods, we now(More)
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