Andrew D . Holland

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Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices (EMCCDs) are used in low-light-level (L3) applications for detecting optical, Ultra-Violet (UV) and Near Infra-Red (NIR) photons (10 nm to 1100 nm). The on-chip gain process is able to increase the detectability of any signal collected by the device through the multiplication of the signal before the output node,(More)
Despite an increasing literature on the decomposition of human remains, whether buried or exposed, it is important to recognise the role of specific microenvironments which can either trigger or delay the rate of decomposition. Recent casework in Northern England involving buried and partially buried human remains has demonstrated a need for a more detailed(More)
The charge transfer efficiency of a CCD is based on the average level of signal lost per pixel over a number of transfers. This value can be used to directly compare the relative performances of different structures, increases in radiation damage or to quantify improvements in operating parameters. This number does not however give sufficient detail to(More)
The European Photon Imaging Camera (EPIC) consortium has provided the focal plane instruments for the three X-ray mirror systems on XMM-Newton. Two cameras with a reflecting grating spectrometer in the optical path are equipped with MOS type CCDs as focal plane detectors (Turner 2001), the telescope with the full photon flux operates the novel pn-CCD as an(More)
This paper presents development of an X-ray pixel detector with a multi-port charge-coupled device (MPCCD) for X-ray Free-Electron laser experiments. The fabrication process of the CCD was selected based on the X-ray radiation hardness against the estimated annual dose of 1.6 × 10(14) photon/mm(2). The sensor device was optimized by maximizing the full well(More)
This paper describes a qualification programme for Electron-Multiplication Charge Coupled Devices (EMCCDs) for use in space applications. While the presented results are generally applicable, the programme was carried out in the context of CCD development for the Radial Velocity Spectrometer (RVS) instrument on the European Space Agency’s cornerstone Gaia(More)
The science goals of space missions from the Hubble Space Telescope through to Gaia and Euclid require ultra-precise positional, photometric and shape measurement information. However, in the radiation environment of the space telescopes, damage to the focal plane detectors through high energy protons leads to the creation of traps, a loss of charge(More)
Euclid is a medium class European Space Agency mission candidate for launch in 2019 with a primary goal to study the dark universe using the weak lensing and baryonic acoustic oscillations techniques. Weak lensing depends on accurate shape measurements of distant galaxies. Therefore it is beneficial that the effects of radiation-induced charge transfer(More)
As electrons are transferred through a radiation damaged Charge Coupled Device (CCD), they may encounter traps in the silicon in which they will be captured and subsequently released. This capture and release of electrons can lead to a ‘smearing’ of the image. The dynamics of the trapping process can be described through the use of Shockley-Read-Hall(More)