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We describe here a classical molecular modeling exercise that was carried out to provide a basis for the design of novel antagonist ligands of the CCR2 receptor. Using a theoretical model of the CCR2 receptor, docking studies were carried out to define plausible binding modes for the various known antagonist ligands, including our own series of indole(More)
Aripiprazole is a novel antipsychotic drug, which displays partial agonist activity at the dopamine D(2) receptor. Aripiprazole has been extensively studied pre-clinically, both in vitro and in vivo, and these results have been correlated with clinical findings. However, aripiprazole is metabolised differently in rats and man and these metabolites may(More)
Antipsychotic drugs (APD) are widely prescribed for the treatment of schizophrenia. The APD are differentiated into typical and atypical based on the lower incidence of extra-pyramidal side-effects associated with the newer atypical APD. It was suggested that atypicality may arise from an interaction with the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(2) receptor and(More)
A focused SAR study around the previously reported selective 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist, SB-269970-A has resulted in the identification of a structurally related analogue having an improved pharmacokinetic profile. Replacement of the phenolic group in SB-269970-A with an indole moiety, and replacement of the piperidinyl 4-methyl group with a heterocyclic(More)
  • N J Pearce, J W Yates, +8 authors P H Groot
  • 1998
ATP citrate (pro-S)-lyase (EC 4.1.3.8), a cytosolic enzyme that generates acetyl-CoA for cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis de novo, is a potential target for hypolipidaemic intervention. Here we describe the biological effects of the inhibition of ATP citrate-lyase on lipid metabolism in Hep G2 cells, and plasma lipids in rats and dogs, by using(More)
1 (6-((R)-2-[2-[4-(4-Chloro-phenoxy)-piperidin-1-yl]-ethyl]-pyrrolidine-1-sulphonyl)-1H-indole hydrochloride) (SB-656104-A), a novel 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT(7)) receptor antagonist, potently inhibited [(3)H]-SB-269970 binding to the human cloned 5-HT(7(a)) (pK(i) 8.7+/-0.1) and 5-HT(7(b)) (pK(i) 8.5+/-0.2) receptor variants and the rat native receptor(More)
A series of (3R,5S)-omega-substituted-3-carboxy-3, 5-dihydroxyalkanoic acids have been synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of the recombinant human form of ATP-citrate lyase. The best of these have Ki's in the 200-1000 nM range. As the corresponding thermodynamically favored gamma-lactone prodrugs, a number of compounds are able to inhibit cholesterol(More)
Apolipoprotein (APO) E*3-Leiden mice with impaired chylomicron and VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) remnant metabolism display hyperlipidaemia and atherosclerosis. In the present study, these mice were used for testing the hypolipidaemic effect of two marketed agents, lovastatin (CAS 75330-75-5) and gemfibrozil (CAS 25812-30-0) as well as a novel(More)
ATP-citrate lyase is the primary enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cytosolic acetyl-CoA in many tissues. Inhibitors of the enzyme represent a potentially novel class of hypolipidemic agent, which are anticipated to have combined hypocholesterolemic and hypotriglyceridemic properties. A series of 2-substituted butanedioic acids have been designed and(More)
Cathepsin K (EC 3.4.22.38), a cysteine protease of the papain superfamily, is predominantly expressed in osteoclasts and has been postulated as a target for the treatment of osteoporosis. Crystallographic and structure--activity studies on a series of acyclic ketone-based inhibitors of cathepsin K have led to the design and identification of two series of(More)