Andrew D Firlik

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OBJECTIVE In patients with traumatic or ischemic brain injury, hyperthermia is thought to worsen the neurological injury. We studied fever in the neurosurgical intensive care unit (ICU) population using a definition common to surgical practice (rectal temperature >38.5 degrees C). We sought to determine fever incidence, fever duration, and peak temperature(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether recanalization, coma at presentation, or clot location in the basilar artery influences the relative mortality risk after intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy for acute vertebrobasilar artery occlusions. METHODS Studies were identified using the MEDLINE database for January 1987 to November 1997. Series were included if they(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ischemic core and penumbra have not been thoroughly characterized after acute cerebral thromboembolic occlusion in humans. Differentiation between areas of potentially viable and irreversibly injured ischemic tissue may facilitate assessment and treatment of stroke patients. METHODS Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured in 20(More)
The management of brain swelling that frequently occurs following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) presents a difficult challenge for physicians treating these patients. A traditional cornerstone for the treatment of post-traumatic brain swelling has been prophylactic hyperventilation to reach PaCO2 levels of 25 to 28 torr. While there are anecdotal(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to verify transhemispheric diaschisis in the early hours after an ischemic event. METHODS XeCT cerebral blood flow (CBF) studies within 8 h of stroke were studied in 23 patients. Mean CBF was evaluated in the ischemic area, contralateral hemisphere and ipsilateral cerebellum. RESULTS A severe CBF reduction was(More)
In this study the authors have examined the effects of transluminal angioplasty on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the management of intractable vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Fourteen consecutively enrolled patients underwent attempted angioplasty with or without intraarterial infusion of papaverine. Twelve patients underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-arterial papaverine (IAP) has been described as a treatment for cerebral vasospasm refractory to standard therapy. METHODS We report a series of 15 consecutive patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in which IAP was employed for the treatment of symptomatic vasospasm. All patients exhibited delayed ischemic neurologic deficits,(More)
OBJECTIVE The optimal management of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in critical brain locations remains controversial. To reduce the risk of an AVM hemorrhage and to enhance the possibility of preserving neurological function, stereotactic radiosurgery was performed in 33 patients with newly diagnosed or residual AVMs located within the motor cortex. The(More)
Computerized tomography (CT) is the most often used imaging modality in the evaluation of acute clinical stroke. However, the rapidity with which CT density changes occur after acute, severe, focal ischemia cannot be determined clinically. Even if the time of symptom onset is known, clinical stroke severity is highly variable. We studied the time course of(More)
Peer review is the process by which scientific articles are evaluated and selected for publication. To clarify this procedure for readers and writers, the authors present a detailed description of peer review at the Journal of Neurosurgery (JNS) in the context of other journals. They discuss the unique characteristics of JNS's peer-review process and how it(More)