Andrew D Firlik

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The ischemic core and penumbra have not been thoroughly characterized after acute cerebral thromboembolic occlusion in humans. Differentiation between areas of potentially viable and irreversibly injured ischemic tissue may facilitate assessment and treatment of stroke patients. METHODS Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured in 20(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-arterial papaverine (IAP) has been described as a treatment for cerebral vasospasm refractory to standard therapy. METHODS We report a series of 15 consecutive patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in which IAP was employed for the treatment of symptomatic vasospasm. All patients exhibited delayed ischemic neurologic deficits,(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Although recurrent limb shaking has been observed in patients with carotid occlusion, its cause, method of diagnosis, and definitive treatment have yet to be fully elucidated. This report examines the cerebrovascular physiology of a patient with recurrent limb shaking by means of xenon-enhanced computed tomographic (XeCT) scanning.(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with traumatic or ischemic brain injury, hyperthermia is thought to worsen the neurological injury. We studied fever in the neurosurgical intensive care unit (ICU) population using a definition common to surgical practice (rectal temperature >38.5 degrees C). We sought to determine fever incidence, fever duration, and peak temperature(More)
The management of brain swelling that frequently occurs following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) presents a difficult challenge for physicians treating these patients. A traditional cornerstone for the treatment of post-traumatic brain swelling has been prophylactic hyperventilation to reach PaCO2 levels of 25 to 28 torr. While there are anecdotal(More)
In this study the authors have examined the effects of transluminal angioplasty on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the management of intractable vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Fourteen consecutively enrolled patients underwent attempted angioplasty with or without intraarterial infusion of papaverine. Twelve patients underwent(More)
Reports of intraarterial papaverine infusion as treatment for cerebral vasospasm are few and documented complications are uncommon. The authors report the case of a patient with paradoxical aggravation of cerebral arterial narrowing during selective intraarterial papaverine infusion intended to treat vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to verify transhemispheric diaschisis in the early hours after an ischemic event. METHODS XeCT cerebral blood flow (CBF) studies within 8 h of stroke were studied in 23 patients. Mean CBF was evaluated in the ischemic area, contralateral hemisphere and ipsilateral cerebellum. RESULTS A severe CBF reduction was(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Early intervention remains the key to acute ischemic stroke therapy. Many patients whose deficits would later resolve without intervention are exposed to the risks of stroke treatment without benefit. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with transient deficits could be distinguished from patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether recanalization, coma at presentation, or clot location in the basilar artery influences the relative mortality risk after intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy for acute vertebrobasilar artery occlusions. METHODS Studies were identified using the MEDLINE database for January 1987 to November 1997. Series were included if they(More)