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Cellular obstruction of poly(dimethyl)siloxane (PDMS) catheters is one of the most prevalent causes of shunt failure in the treatment of hydrocephalus. By modifying PDMS using short- and long-chain mono-functional polyethylene glycol (PEG604 and PEG5K, respectively) and N-acetyl-L-cysteine via adsorption and covalent binding (NAC and NAC/EDC/NHS,(More)
While silicone devices have vastly improved an array of medical treatments, reactions at the tissue-substrate interface often impede their functionality. Insertion of a poly(dimethyl)siloxane (PDMS) catheter into the cerebral ventricles to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is the most common treatment of hydrocephalus, but shunting often fails because(More)
Due to its high spatial resolution, broad spatial coverage, and cost-effectiveness, commercial satellite imagery is rapidly becoming a key component of biological monitoring in the Antarctic. While considerable success in surveying emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri) has been facilitated by their large size and the visual simplicity of their habitat,(More)
A simple top-down model of canopy photosynthesis (P) was developed and tested in this study. The model (referred to as the Q(e)-MM model) is P = alphaQ (e) P (max)/(alphaQ ( e ) + P (max)), alpha and P (max) are quantum-use efficiency and potential P, respectively. Q (e) is given by Q (d) (0) + kQ (b) (0), where Q (d) (0) and Q (b) (0) are the diffuse and(More)
This report is an overview of the eld of object oriented programming. It presents a brief historical perspective of the eld, then summarizes some major achievements. Four strategic research directions are then presented: technologiesintegration,software components, distributedprogramming, and open implementations. Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a(More)
This study compares six evapotranspiration ET products for Canada’s landmass, namely, eddy covariance EC measurements; surface water budget ET; remote sensing ET from MODIS; and land surface model (LSM) ET from the Community Land Model (CLM), the Ecological Assimilation of Land and Climate Observations (EALCO) model, and the Variable Infiltration Capacity(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare different methods of measuring and averaging blood pressure readings, and see how they affect classification of patients as normotensive or hypertensive. METHODS The comparisons were made in up to 145 suitable patients in the first and last week of a 6-week surveillance. Ambulatory blood pressure measurements were taken from the(More)