Andrew D. Abell

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The observation in 1979 that opioid receptors interact, led to the design of bivalent ligands in an attempt to improve selectivity and affinity towards the different subtypes( i.e. mu, delta, and kappa). Dimers of monovalent 'parent' opioid structures have been evaluated and include: (a) endogenous (e.g enkephalins) or exogenous (e.g dermorphin) peptide(More)
The physiological roles of calpains are discussed, as are the associated pathological disorders that result from their over-activation. We also present practical information for establishing functional inhibition assays and an overview of X-ray crystal structures of calpain-inhibitor complexes to aid inhibitor design. These structures reveal the expected(More)
There is concern that insecticides are able to mimic the action of 17beta-estradiol by interaction with the human estrogen receptor. Pyrethroids are commonly used insecticides and several have been assessed for potential endocrine disrupting activity by various methods. It has been noted that some metabolites of pyrethroids, in particular, permethrin and(More)
A series of ascorbic acid and isoascorbic acid derivatives has been evaluated as inhibitors of malt, bacterial, fungal, pancreatic and salivary alpha-amylases using a simple and quick assay procedure. The results demonstrate that the enediol moiety of ascorbic acid is essential for alpha-amylase inhibition. Acylation of the primary and secondary alcohols,(More)
A number of life’s key biochemical processes, including blood coagulation, bone metabolism and cell growth, are mediated by a family of natural products referred to as the K vitamins [1]. Much work has been carried out in recent times to elucidate the mechanisms by which these compounds elicit their activity, and a number of proteins that are vitamin(More)
Biotin protein ligase (BPL) represents a promising target for the discovery of new antibacterial chemotherapeutics. Here we review the central role of BPL for the survival and virulence of clinically important Staphylococcus aureus in support of this claim. X-ray crystallography structures of BPLs in complex with ligands and small molecule inhibitors(More)
There is a desperate need to develop new antibiotic agents to combat the rise of drug-resistant bacteria, such as clinically important Staphylococcus aureus. The essential multifunctional enzyme, biotin protein ligase (BPL), is one potential drug target for new antibiotics. We report the synthesis and characterization of a series of biotin analogues with(More)
This paper communicates a new synthesis of the ion channel inhibitors NPPB and NPBB using a simple reductive amination sequence. The synthesised compounds were found to reduce channel amplitude of a K(+) channel present in cytoplasmic droplets of Nitella hookeri.
DNA methylation, which often occurs at the cytosine residue of cytosine-guanine dinucleotides, is critical for the control of gene expression and mitotic inheritance in eukaryotes. DNA methylation silences gene expression either by directly hindering the access of transcription factors to the target DNA, or through recruitment of histone deacetylases to(More)