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Carotenoids provide pigmentation to avian species, and also have immunomodulatory potential, although experimental results are often inconsistent. Therefore, dietary carotenoid deposition into immune tissue of growing chicks was examined in relation to their maternal carotenoid status (i.e., yolk carotenoid level). Single-comb white leghorn chicks were(More)
The vitamin A status in 11 generally healthy surgical patients was estimated by measuring the dilution of a 45-mg oral dose of tetradeuterated retinyl acetate (99% pure). After purification of retinol by high-performance liquid chromatography, the ratio of 2H4-retinol:1H-retinol in plasma was measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. On the basis of(More)
We present the application of a nonparametric method to performing functional principal component analysis for functional curve data that consist of measurements of a random trajectory for a sample of subjects. This design typically consists of an irregular grid of time points on which repeated measurements are taken for a number of subjects. We introduce(More)
The incidence of neural tube defects was studied in mouse embryos from dams fed an amino acid-based diet containing 45, 91, 136, 181, 227 or 453 nmol folic acid/kg diet (Experiment 1) or 227, 453, 566, 680, 906, 1132, 1698 or 2266 nmol folic acid/kg diet (Experiment 2). Reproductive tracts were examined 12 d postcoitum and gross and microscopic examination(More)
We conducted a study to evaluate dietary chemopreventive strategies to reduce genotoxic effects of the carcinogens 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenyl-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ). PhIP and IQ are heterocyclic amines (HCAs) that are found in cooked meat and may be risk factors for cancer. Typical chemoprevention(More)
Formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acetone expired from tumor-bearing transgenic mice and formaldehyde exhaled from breast cancer patients were analyzed using gas chromatography. The tumor-bearing mice expired significantly more formaldehyde per unit metabolic size (1.43-2.98 micromol) than did control mice (0.77-1.01 micromol). There was no detectable(More)
An optimal folate nutritional status is important in minimizing developmental and degenerative disease. Therefore, constant monitoring of folate intake and of biomarkers of folate nutritional status is essential. The objective of this research was to compare two folate intake instruments and validate each one against RBC folate measured by a high-throughput(More)
Long-term physiologic tracing of nutrients, toxins, and drugs in healthy subjects is not possible using traditional decay counting of radioisotopes or stable isotope mass spectrometry due to radiation exposure and limited sensitivity, respectively. A physiologic dose of 14C-labeled folic acid (35 microg, 100 nCi) was ingested by a healthy adult male and(More)
A kernel-smoothing method with locally varying bandwidths for the nonparametric estimation of derivatives of a function is proposed for highly nonequidistant data as they occur in pharmacokinetic response curves. We construct estimates having the particular property that the derivative estimates correspond exactly to the corresponding derivatives of the(More)
Changes in uric acid metabolism in chicks resulting from alterations in dietary protein intake have been correlated with dietary protein quality. Plasma uric acid levels, total uric acid excretion and protein efficiency ratio were measured in growing chicks fed diets containing 11%, 20%, 43% and 80% protein. A second degree polynomial with a coefficient of(More)