Andrew C. Pawlowski

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The field of antibiotic drug discovery and the monitoring of new antibiotic resistance elements have yet to fully exploit the power of the genome revolution. Despite the fact that the first genomes sequenced of free living organisms were those of bacteria, there have been few specialized bioinformatic tools developed to mine the growing amount of genomic(More)
Antibiotic resistance is a global challenge that impacts all pharmaceutically used antibiotics. The origin of the genes associated with this resistance is of significant importance to our understanding of the evolution and dissemination of antibiotic resistance in pathogens. A growing body of evidence implicates environmental organisms as reservoirs of(More)
The Comprehensive Antibiotic Resistance Database (CARD; is a manually curated resource containing high quality reference data on the molecular basis of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), with an emphasis on the genes, proteins and mutations involved in AMR. CARD is ontologically structured, model centric, and spans the breadth of(More)
The effects of IGF-I, rGH, FGF, EGF and NCS on DNA-synthesis were analyzed in resting, proliferative and hypertrophic chondrocytes obtained by fractionation. Proliferation and morphology were studied on non-fractionated cells. The highest stimulation of DNA-synthesis was induced by NCS followed by IGF-I at all stages of chondrocyte differentiation.(More)
Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of hyaluronidase on chemical carcinogenesis. Two experiments were carried out using BALB/c mice. In the first experiment the mice were divided into three groups, viz. (1) painted with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA), (2) injected with hyaluronidase and painted with DMBA and (3) injected with saline(More)
In an attempt to isolate and characterize the putative target cells for growth hormone, chondrocytes were isolated from rat rib growth cartilage and fractionated by centrifugation in a discontinuous Percoll gradient. This resulted in three cell fractions with differing properties. The fraction with the lowest density consisted mainly of large,(More)
The isolation of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) from coal tar, and the synthesis of dibenzanthracene (DBA), methylcholanthrene (MCA), and dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) in the 1930's, facilitated the induction of epidermal tumors in experimental animals. It was soon found that chemical carcinogens affect not only keratinocytes, but also the melanocytes (Szabo 1953).(More)
The effects of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I), epidermal growth factor (EGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), or 10% newborn calf serum (NCS) on the amount and structure of the proteoglycans synthesized by fractionated chondrocytes from rat growth plate were investigated. Proliferative cells (fraction II) or resting cells (fraction III) synthesized more(More)
Ultrathin serial sections of human biopsy specimens, taken at 24 hours, 1 month, and 1, 3, and 40 years post-tattooing were examined under the electron microscope. The ink particles found in cells were measured and compared with control ink particles embedded in agar. Freshly tattooed skin showed an inflammatory reaction followed by ultrastructural(More)