Andrew C Hartwig

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PURPOSE Experimental inflammation of the rat temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is commonly used to study trigeminal nociceptive processing. This study describes spontaneous pain-related behaviors following TMJ inflammation in the rat. The ability of preemptive systemic morphine to attenuate behaviors as well as immediate-early gene expression in the trigeminal(More)
General attempts have been made to catalog or categorize research literature on aggressive behavior. In the animal literature this category has been delineated by clearly observed and described patterns of behavior. These include offensive and defensive expressions in animals and the characterization of attack behaviors by typography into defensive and(More)
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