Andrew C . Hall

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Chondrocytes in cartilage are embedded in a matrix containing a high concentration of proteoglycans and hence of fixed negative charges. Their extracellular ionic environment is thus different from that of most cells, with extracellular Na+ being 250-350 mM and extracellular osmolality 350-450 mOsm. When chondrocytes are isolated from the matrix and(More)
BACKGROUND Autologous osteochondral transfer is an option for the treatment of articular defects. However, there are concerns about graft integration and the nature of the tissue forming the cartilage-cartilage bridge. Chondrocyte viability at graft and recipient edges is thought to be an important determinant of the quality of repair. The purpose of the(More)
1. The swelling of bovine articular chondrocytes isolated from, or in situ within, cartilage by hypotonic shock rapidly activated the efflux or influx of radiolabelled taurine, an amino acid involved in volume regulation in a range of other cell types. 2. When chondrocytes were isolated by the use of collagenase into media of 280 or 380 mosmol l-1, the(More)
Articular chondrocytes experience changes to matrix hydration during both physiological (static load) and pathophysiological (osteoarthrosis, OA) conditions. Such changes should alter chondrocytes' volume, which has been shown to modify matrix metabolism. However, the osmometric behaviour of chondrocytes is not well understood. Here, using confocal laser(More)
Articular chondrocytes in vivo are exposed to a changing osmotic environment under both physiological (static load) and pathological (osteoarthritis) conditions. Such changes to matrix hydration could alter cell volume in situ and influence matrix metabolism. However the ability of chondrocytes to regulate their volume in the face of osmotic perturbations(More)
The bumetanide-sensitive uptake of Na+, K−(Rb−) and Cl− has been measured at 21°C in ferrent red cells treated with (SITS+DIDS) to minimize anion flux via capnophorin (Band 3). During the time course of the influx experiments tracer uptake was a first-order rate process. At normal levels of external Na+ (150mm) the bumetanide-sensitive uptake of K+ was(More)
Numerous epidemiological studies have demonstrated associations between ambient combustion-source particulates and adverse health outcomes. In order to better understand exposure to particles, we evaluated a portable particle counter for its ability to measure short-term peaks in personal particle exposure associated with various activities, such as(More)
1. The effect of low ionic strength media on the residual, i.e. (ouabain + bumetanide + Ca2+)-insensitive, K+ influx was characterized in human red blood cells. 2. This K+ flux was enhanced significantly in isotonic solutions of low ionic strength using sucrose to maintain constant osmolarity. This effect was found for fresh red blood cells as well as for(More)
OBJECTIVE Cartilage swelling is an early event in osteoarthritis (OA). However, the response of chondrocytes to increased tissue hydration is unknown. This work studied the volume and morphology of living in situ human chondrocytes as a function of cartilage degeneration. METHODS The tibial plateaus from knee joints of 40 patients were obtained following(More)
The contributions of various K+ transport pathways in bovine chondrocytes isolated from articular cartilage and their responses to changes in cell volume have been studied. K+(86Rb+) uptake mediated by the Na(+)-K(+) pump and Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter were stimulated by cell shrinkage, the latter as part of the regulatory volume increases (RVI)(More)