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BACKGROUND The purpose of this report is to compare the outcome of the extracardiac (EC) with the lateral tunnel (LT) Fontan. METHODS From January 1990 to October 2004, the Fontan operation was performed in 162 patients, of which 49 were EC and 113 were LT. Cardiac morphology and ventricular dominance were similar, except EC patients were older and had a(More)
BACKGROUND Ventricular assist devices (VADs) have gained wider acceptance due to refinements in patient selection and management and device availability. METHODS To evaluate early and late results, we reviewed our first 111 patients with the Thoratec VAD. RESULTS Forty-four patients were supported for myocardial recovery. The mean age in the recovery(More)
From July 1, 1984, through June 30, 1989, after 1,259 open heart operations, 110 patients (8.7%) underwent 162 early reoperations either in the intensive care unit (144 procedures) or in the operating room (26 procedures). Reexploration for bleeding (49 procedures) (3.9%) and intraaortic balloon removal (50 procedures) (4.0%) were the two most common(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of balloon dilatation as primary treatment for neonatal aortic coarctation remains controversial. METHODS A retrospective comparison between balloon angioplasty and surgery for the treatment of neonatal aortic coarctation was undertaken on 57 neonates younger than 40 days of age (angioplasty, 23 patients; surgery, 34 patients)(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to better define the merits of the bileaflet and tilting-disc valves. METHODS We prospectively randomized 156 patients (mean age, 59 years) to receive either the St. Jude (n = 80) or the Medtronic Hall (n = 76) mitral valve prosthesis between September 1986 and December 1997. The two groups were not significantly(More)
From January 1970 to December 1986, 2.7% (228/8509) of all patients having coronary artery bypass grafting had atherosclerotic coronary ostial stenosis of 50% or more. There were 126 males (55%) and 102 females (45%) with mean ages of 60.2 +/- 9.0 and 59.2 +/- 10.2 years (P = NS), respectively. The left ostium was involved in 176 (77.2%) patients, the right(More)
One hundred consecutive patients who had coronary artery bypass grafting using both internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) and saphenous veins, operated on during a 3-year period between 1972 and 1975, have been compared retrospectively with a series of 100 patients operated on during the same period who had one ITA graft along with saphenous vein grafts. The(More)
OBJECTIVE We review our experience with relief of subaortic obstruction in univentricular hearts following pulmonary artery banding (PAB) with double barrel Damus-Kaye Stansel procedure (DKS) and subsequent staged palliation to Fontan. The purpose was to determine if PAB alters semilunar valve function after the double barrel DKS procedure and if this(More)
Chylothorax is a potentially life-threatening disorder that has profound respiratory, nutritional, and immunologic consequences. Treatment for this problem is controversial, and the results have been variable. From 1985 to 1990, 29 patients (16 males, 13 females; mean age: 20.1 years; range: 5 days to 76.8 years) were diagnosed as having chylothorax (18(More)
A 9-year-old boy was found to have ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA) and aortic coarctation. Following relief of aortic coarctation by balloon angioplasty, transcatheter coil occlusion of the RSVA was performed successfully under transesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopic monitoring; bioptome-assisted delivery of 0.052" Gianturco coil was(More)