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Plasma concentrations of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides are among the most important risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and are targets for therapeutic intervention. We screened the genome for common variants associated with plasma lipids in >100,000 individuals of(More)
PURPOSE Adverse drug events, especially those that may have been preventable, are among the most serious concerns about medication use in nursing homes. We studied the incidence and preventability of adverse drug events and potential adverse drug events in nursing homes. METHODS We performed a cohort study of all long-term care residents of 18(More)
A wealth of genetic associations for cardiovascular and metabolic phenotypes in humans has been accumulating over the last decade, in particular a large number of loci derived from recent genome wide association studies (GWAS). True complex disease-associated loci often exert modest effects, so their delineation currently requires integration of diverse(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the frequency and preventability of adverse drug events and potential adverse drug events in intensive care units (ICUs) and non-ICUs. To evaluate systems factors involving the individual caregivers, care unit teams, and patients involved in each adverse drug event by comparing ICUs with non-ICUs and medical ICUs with surgical ICUs. (More)
Mitochondrial short-chain enoyl-CoA hydratase deficiency (ECHS1D) is caused by mutations in ECHS1 (OMIM 602292) and is a recently identified inborn error of valine and fatty acid metabolism. This defect leads to secondary mitochondrial dysfunction. The majority of previously reported patients had the Leigh syndrome, with a median life expectancy of(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are known to be heritable, but only a fraction of the heritability is explained. We used a high-density genotyping array containing single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from HDL-C candidate genes selected on known biology of HDL-C metabolism, mouse genetic studies, and human genetic(More)
The sequencing of the human genome and identification of common human genetic variations have made highthroughput interrogation of the human genome possible. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) are now an exciting new approach to discovering the genetic variations underlying complex diseases and phenotypes.1 These studies allow “hypothesis-free”(More)
Elevated plasma concentrations of HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) are associated with protection from atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Animal models indicate that decreased expression of endothelial lipase (LIPG) is inversely associated with HDL-C levels, and genome-wide association studies have identified LIPG variants as being associated with HDL-C levels(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a genetic variant at a locus on chromosome 1p13 that is associated with reduced risk of myocardial infarction, reduced plasma levels of LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), and markedly increased expression of the gene sortilin-1 (SORT1) in liver. Sortilin is a lysosomal sorting protein that binds ligands both in(More)
AIMS Endothelial lipase (LIPG) is implicated in the metabolism of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Small studies in selected populations have reported higher HDL-C levels among carriers of the common T111I variant in LIPG, but whether this variant is associated with plasma lipids and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in the general(More)