Learn More
PURPOSE To compare various measures of training load (TL) derived from physiological (heart rate [HR]), perceptual (rating of perceived exertion [RPE]), and physical (global positioning system [GPS] and accelerometer) data during in-season field-based training for professional soccer. METHODS Fifteen professional male soccer players (age 24.9 ± 5.4 y,(More)
Extensive reviews of research are available on the use of ascorbic acid, and its consequent degradation pathways, in physiological conditions or food matrices. However, very little information can be found for wine-related systems. This review highlights the relevant chemistry and reactivity of ascorbic acid with a focus on its behavior and potential(More)
The contribution of volatile aroma compounds to the overall composition and sensory perception of wine is well recognized. The classical targeted measurement of volatile compounds in wine using GC-MS is laborious and only a limited number of compounds can be quantified at any time. Application of an automated multivariate curve resolution technique to(More)
The reactions of (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin with glyoxylic acid were studied in a model white wine solution. When the reactions were performed in darkness at 45 degrees C, the (-)-epicatechin concentration decreased more rapidly than that of (+)-catechin, and the (-)-epicatechin sample had twice the 440 nm absorbance of the (+)-catechin sample after(More)
The impact of the combined ascorbic acid and sulfur dioxide antioxidants on white wine oxidation processes was investigated using a range of analytical techniques, including flow injection analysis for free and total sulfur dioxide and two chromatographic methods for ascorbic acid, its oxidative degradation products and phenolic compounds. The combination(More)
Glutathione was assessed individually, and in combination with ascorbic acid, for its ability to act as an antioxidant with respect to color development in an oxidizing model white wine system. Glutathione was utilized at concentrations normally found in wine (30 mg/L), as well as at concentrations 20-fold higher (860 mg/L), the latter to afford ascorbic(More)
The presence of copper in wine is known to impact the reductive, oxidative and colloidal stability of wine, and techniques enabling measurement of different forms of copper in wine are of particular interest in understanding these spoilage processes. Electrochemical stripping techniques developed to date require significant pretreatment of wine, potentially(More)
A headspace-solid-phase micro-extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) method has been developed to quantify a range of volatile compounds in Hunter Valley Semillon wines. The fibre selected for the method was a 50/30 microm divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fibre, a three-phase fibre that allows extraction and desorption(More)
Micro-oxygenation (MOX) was conducted in the presence and absence of oak chips at rates to mimic oxygen ingress during barrel maturation of red wine. Following MOX, wines were analyzed for chemical attributes pertaining to phenolic composition and assessed by a trained sensory panel. An electronic tongue (ET) was also used to assess the wines. Variations in(More)
The exposure to sunlight of a Sauvignon blanc wine stored in bottles of different colours has been examined. Wine in darker bottles (Antique Green and French Green) showed considerably more colour development than wine in clear (Flint) or lighter (French Green) bottles, provided a high concentration of catechin-type phenolic compounds was present.(More)