Andrew C Carr

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Eighty-four chronic phobic patients were randomly assigned to self-exposure in vivo instructed by either a psychiatrist, a computer or a book; mean therapy time per patient was respectively 3.1, 3.2 and 0 hours. Seventy-one patients completed treatment. All three groups improved substantially and similarly to 6 months follow-up, with no significant(More)
A program on an inexpensive microcomputer was designed to elicit personal histories from patients in a general psychiatric ward. Their answers were compared with the information recorded by the responsible psychiatric team. Where answers disagreed with the clinicians' records, the patient was interviewed to investigate the discrepancy. In the(More)
Highly significant correlations are demonstrated between a microcomputer-delivered self-rating Hamilton Rating Scale and conventional Observer Hamilton Rating Scales. These results demonstrate that self-rating using a microcomputer can provide a clinically useful tool in assessing the severity of depressive illness and monitoring progress with treatment.
An automated assessment interview was given by a microcomputer to 26 randomly selected patients, referred for treatment of phobias. The results were compared with those of conventional clinical assessment by experienced behaviour therapists. Ratings of overall severity and intensity of specific types of agoraphobia and social phobia were derived from the(More)
A young but chronic group of schizophrenic and affective disorders patients was tested for simple reaction time (RT) and RT while engaged in a concurrent task. The affective disorders patients were subdivided by the presence of psychotic features. The results show that extreme slowing of RT is due to psychoticism and is not characteristic of nonpsychotic(More)
Twenty phobic outpatients were treated by 9 weekly "interviews" at the console of a desk computer. Using a conversational style and multiple choice questions, the computer assessed the symptoms and agreed a hierarchy of self-exposure tasks. Each week the patient was given a diary sheet of tasks to practise daily. At his next visit his progress and(More)
Groups of 14 cognitively impaired elderly people were tested on two automated cognitive tests on several occasions. Patients registered their responses using either a touch-sensitive screen or a board with illuminated response buttons. The results indicate that the touch-sensitive screen is probably a more suitable response device than the button-board.(More)
A self-rating depression questionnaire based on the Hamilton Depression Questionnaire was given directly by a microcomputer to 43 controls and 125 depressed patients. Scores obtained from the two groups differed very significantly; choosing an appropriate cut-off point, the computer-delivered questionnaire accurately detected the presence of depression. The(More)
Computerized assessment which is objective, standardized and easily repeated has been shown to be acceptable to general psychiatric patients. Fifty-three subjects (43 phobics and 10 normals feigning phobias) showed no unusual apprehension in approaching this novel procedure; all were able to complete the computer interview. Furthermore, half of them claimed(More)