Andrew C Brooks

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The aim of this study was to determine the effects of endotoxin on p38 MAPK activation in equine platelets and leukocytes in vivo and in vitro and its role in thromboxane (Tx) production with reference to equine endotoxaemia. Six adult Thoroughbred horses were used for in vivo infusion studies and separate in vitro studies. For in vivo studies, following(More)
The endothelium plays a major role in the pathogenesis of endotoxemia. Binding of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) to endothelium initiates a range of signalling events, including activation of p38 mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) that are involved in the initiation of inflammatory responses. In the present study we have examined whether(More)
A functional vascular network is essential for the survival, growth and spread of solid tumours, making blood vessels a key target for therapeutic strategies. Combretastatin A-4 phosphate (CA-4-P) is a tubulin-depolymerising agent in Phase II clinical trials as a vascular disrupting agent. Not much is known of the molecular effect of CA-4-P under tumour(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can activate equine platelets directly or indirectly, via leukocyte-derived platelet activating factor (PAF). Thromboxane (Tx) production by LPS-stimulated equine platelets requires p38 MAPK and this kinase has been suggested as a therapeutic target in endotoxaemia. The present study has utilised selective inhibitors to investigate(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) on vasoactive mediator production by cultured equine digital vein endothelial cells (EDVECs). SAMPLE POPULATION EDVECs obtained from forelimb digital veins of 7 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURES EDVECs were incubated with or without LPS (1 microg/mL) for 0, 2, 4, 6, 22, and 24(More)
BACKGROUND Combretastatin A-4-phosphate (CA-4-P) is a microtubule depolymerising agent currently in clinical trial as a tumour vascular-targeting agent. In vivo, CA-4-P causes rapid shutdown of tumour blood flow (within minutes) and a significant neutrophil infiltration at later times. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using an in vitro flow-cell assay, we(More)
The link between the fermentation of carbohydrate in the equine large intestine and the development of acute laminitis is poorly understood. Absorption of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) into the plasma has been observed in one experimental model of laminitis, but does not cause laminitis when administered alone. Thus, the potential role of endotoxin is(More)
The chemokine, CXCL8, is a potent chemoattractant but it has also been shown to attenuate the migratory response of human neutrophils to the bacterial peptide, FMLP; this could lead to retention of cells in infected tissue and, potentially, to enhanced clearance of bacteria. This study has examined the effect of CXCL8 on equine neutrophil migration and(More)
Hypoxia may enhance the deleterious effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the endotoxaemic horse. This study has examined some of the actions of LPS and hypoxia, alone and in combination, on cultured equine digital vein endothelial cells (EDVEC) and the signalling molecules involved. EDVEC were exposed to LPS, 5% O2 and LPS then 5% O2 for up to 24 h.(More)
Neutrophil activation, whilst a key component of host defence, must be tightly regulated in order to avoid an inappropriate cellular response. Annexin-1, which is present in large amounts in neutrophils, and its N-terminal peptides, reduce neutrophil accumulation but annexin peptides have also been shown to exhibit neutrophil activating properties. We have(More)