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OBJECTIVE The aim of this systematic review is to provide an easily accessible, clear summary of the best available evidence for nonoperative treatment of midportion Achilles tendinopathy. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Embase through April 2007. Search terms: achilles tendon or tendo achilles or triceps surae or tendoachilles or tendo-achilles or(More)
Sedation practices for endoscopy vary widely. The present review focuses on the commonly used regimens in endoscopic sedation and the associated risks and benefits together with the appropriate safety measures and monitoring practices. In addition, alternatives and additions to intravenous sedation are discussed. Personnel requirements for endoscopic(More)
Diabetes mellitus in rats is associated with enhanced intestinal absorption of glucose, but the kinetic basis for this observation is disputed. Only recently has it been appreciated that failure to account for the resistance of the unstirred water layer (UWL) leads to gross errors in the estimation of the kinetics of active and passive transport.(More)
BACKGROUND Biochemical markers of ERCP-related myocardial injury have not previously been investigated. OBJECTIVE To evaluate ERCP-related cardiac troponin I (cTnI) release, myocardial ischemia, hemodynamic changes, and arterial hypoxemia in a series of consecutive patients according to age and to determine their relationship to preexisting cardiovascular(More)
  • A B Thomson
  • 1986
Adaptive changes occur in nutrient uptake following intestinal resection. A previously validated in vitro technique was used to measure the rate of uptake of solutes six weeks following surgical removal of the distal half of the small intestine in the rabbit. The rate of jejunal uptake of a homologous series of fatty alcohols, cholesterol, and six bile(More)
  • A B Thomson
  • 1986
An in vitro technique was used to measure the jejunal and colonic uptake of fatty acids, decanol and cholesterol in sham-operated control (CONT) rabbits and in animals with a surgical resection of the distal half of the small intestine (RES). CONT and RES were fed standard Purina chow, Ensure, or Flexical HN for 2 weeks. The animals fed Ensure or Flexical(More)