Andrew Beng-Siong Pan

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Since the pioneering studies of Cooper et al. to influence epilepsy by cerebellar stimulation, numerous attempts have been made to reduce seizure frequency by stimulation of deep brain structures. Evidence from experimental animal studies suggests the existence of a nigral control of the epilepsy system. It is hypothesized that the dorsal midbrain(More)
The electroclinical syndrome of benign focal epilepsy of childhood has been the subject of intense investigation over the past fifty years. Characteristic findings, over the years, of its signature electroencephalographic discharge, including morphology, topography, field of distribution, activation and reactivity will be presented and discussed.
We systematically examined 226 epilepsy patients in a tertiary-referral center and found 6 (5.04%) to have valproate-induced Parkinsonism. There was a significantly higher prevalence of patients with Parkinsonism in the group of patients treated with valproate compared to those who were on other antiepileptic drugs (6 [5.04%] of 119 vs. 0 [0%] of 107; chi2(More)
PURPOSE Malformations of cortical development (MCDs) are a frequent cause of refractory epilepsy in humans. The in utero radiation model in rats shares many clinical and histopathologic characteristics with human MCDs. Previous studies reported the presence of clinical seizures in radiated rats, but also suggested a dose-dependent differential effect. (More)
PURPOSE Benign focal epileptiform discharges of childhood (BFEDCs) are common EEG findings between ages 4 and 14 years. This epoch of maturational development overlaps with the age at presentation of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) due to hippocampal sclerosis (HS) in children. METHODS From our series of 17 preadolescent children who eventually underwent(More)
Clinical diagnosis of CJD remains important due to lack of access to a genetic or histopathological diagnosis. Using current WHO criteria, diagnostic certainty can be increased from “possible” to “probable” CJD if periodic complexes are recorded on EEG. To study the correlation between patterns of MRI-DWI hyperintensity and typical EEG findings among(More)
Cranially conjoined twins are rare and pose unique challenges in the preoperative evaluation of cerebral language function. The authors report on their experience in the functional magnetic resonance (fMR) imaging evaluation of adult craniopagus (temporoparietooccipital fusion) to evaluate hemispheric language dominance and the eloquent language areas in(More)
Dear Editor, Cefasporins such as cefepime are beta-lactam antibiotics with a broad antimicrobial spectrum. They are commonly used as first-line agents in the treatment of many infections.1 Reversible encephalopathy is a known neurotoxic complication of cefalosporins.2 Previous case reports have documented triphasic waves on electroencephalography (EEG) in(More)
PURPOSE Knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of epilepsy (KAPE) among the public play a major role in determining the extent to which people with epilepsy can be integrated into their society. KAPE SURVEYS IN ASIA Surveys conducted among Chinese in China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, and Hong Kong demonstrated similarities as well as differences in(More)
Although high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and an unusually aggressive form of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) remain the most common malignancies seen in AIDS patients, other tumors such as cervical cancer, Hodgkin's disease and others, have been increasingly observed, probably because these patients now live longer. We report the imaging findings of 80 AIDS(More)