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Human trophoblasts depend on the supply of external precursors, such as dehydroepiandrosterone-3-sulfate (DHEA-S) and 16 alpha-OH-DHEA-S, for synthesis of estrogens. The aim of the present study was to characterize the uptake of DHEA-S by isolated mononucleated trophoblasts (MT) and to identify the involved transporter polypeptides. The kinetic analysis of(More)
Human organic anion transporter 4 (hOAT4) is located at the apical membrane of proximal tubule cells and involved in renal secretion and reabsorption of endogenous substances as well as many drugs and xenobiotics. This study reevaluated the physiologic role, transport mode, and driving forces of hOAT4. 6-Carboxyfluorescein (6-CF) uptake into HEK293 cells(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Renal secretion of organic anions is critically dependent on their basolateral uptake against the electrochemical gradient. Due to their localization, two transporters are likely involved, namely OAT1 and OAT3. While OAT1 as an exchanger clearly operates in the secretory direction, OAT3 in its previously supposed mode as a uniporter should(More)
In rats, the secretion of p-aminohippurate (PAH) by the kidney is higher in males (M) than in females (F). The role of the major renal PAH transporters, OAT1 and OAT3, in the generation of these gender differences, as well as the responsible hormones and mechanisms, has not been clarified. Here we used various immunocytochemical methods to study effects of(More)
Human trophoblasts depend on the supply of external precursors such as dehydroepiandrosterone-3-sulfate (DHEA-S) and 16alpha-OH-DHEA-S for synthesis of estrogens. Recently, we have characterized the uptake of DHEA-S by isolated mononucleated trophoblasts and identified different transporter polypeptides involved in this process. Immunohistochemistry of 1st(More)
The orphan transporter hORCTL3 (human organic cation transporter like 3; SLC22A13) is highly expressed in kidneys and to a weaker extent in brain, heart, and intestine. hORCTL3-expressing Xenopus laevis oocytes showed uptake of [(3)H]nicotinate, [(3)H]p-aminohippurate, and [(14)C]urate. Hence, hORCTL3 is an organic anion transporter, and we renamed it(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary renal hypouricemia may be complicated by nephrolithiasis or exercise-induced acute renal failure. Most patients described so far are of Japanese origin and carry the truncating mutation W258X in the uric acid transporter URAT1 encoded by SLC22A12. Recently, we described severe renal hypouricemia in Israeli patients with uric acid(More)
Renal proximal tubules secrete various organic anions, including drugs and p-aminohippurate (PAH). Uptake of PAH from blood into tubule cells occurs by exchange with intracellular alpha-ketoglutarate and is mediated by the organic anion transporter 1. PAH exit into tubule lumen is species specific and may involve ATP-independent and -dependent transporters.
We compared the characteristics of several cloned rabbit organic electrolyte (OE) transporters expressed in cultured cells with their behavior in intact rabbit renal proximal tubules (RPT) to determine the contribution of each to basolateral uptake of the weak acid ochratoxin A (OTA) and the weak base cimetidine (CIM). The activity of organic anion(More)