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The phylogeny and classification of post-Palaeozoic echinoids
TLDR
The relationships of post-Palaeozoic echinoids at family level are established through phylogenetic analysis of 169 taxa and 306 skeletal characters (excluding pedicellariae) and a well-resolved phylogenetic hypothesis was obtained and is used as the basis for a formal classification. Expand
THE SHAPE OF THE PHANEROZOIC MARINE PALAEODIVERSITY CURVE: HOW MUCH CAN BE PREDICTED FROM THE SEDIMENTARY ROCK RECORD OF WESTERN EUROPE?
Abstract:  Palaeodiversity curves are constructed from counts of fossils collected at outcrop and thus potentially biased by variation in the rock record, specifically by the amount of sedimentaryExpand
Systematics and the Fossil Record: Documenting Evolutionary Patterns
TLDR
This paper presents a meta-anatomical reconstruction of the distribution of phylogenetic trees in the fossil record from Carboniferous strata using a probabilistic approach and shows clear trends in tree-building and phylogenetic analysis. Expand
THE EARLY RADIATION AND PHYLOGENY OF ECHINODERMS
1. Living echinoderms are characterized by an extensive water vascular system developed from the larval left hydrocoel, a complex, multi‐plated endoskeleton with stereom structure, and pentamery.Expand
Systematics and the Fossil Record
Describing phylogenetic relationships among fossil taxa has been an important part of paleontology since the 19th century. In the last decade, the proliferation of phylogenetic estimates generated byExpand
Deciphering deuterostome phylogeny: molecular, morphological and palaeontological perspectives
TLDR
Molecular phylogenies, larval morphology and the adult heart/kidney complex all support echinoderms and hemichordates as a sister grouping (Ambulacraria), andGene network data suggest that the ancestral deuterostome ancestor had an anterior–posterior body axis specified by Hox and Wnt genes, and was bilaterally symmetrical with left–right asymmetry determined by expression of nodal. Expand
Testing the molecular clock: molecular and paleontological estimates of divergence times in the Echinoidea (Echinodermata).
TLDR
The level of agreement reached between different data and methodological approaches leads us to believe that careful application of likelihood and Bayesian methods to molecular data provides realistic divergence time estimates in the majority of cases, thus providing a remarkably well-calibrated phylogeny of a character-rich clade of ubiquitous marine benthic invertebrates. Expand
The interrelationships of the echinoderm classes: morphological and molecular evidence
TLDR
This work has reviewed all available morphological and molecular data, added new data and reanalysed independent data sets individually and in combination, in order to resolve echinoderm class relationships and picks out (outgroup(C(A(O(E,H))))) and (out group(C((A,O),( E,H)))) as the two most plausible phylogenetic hypotheses. Expand
Sea-level change and rock-record bias in the Cretaceous: a problem for extinction and biodiversity studies
Abstract The association between mass extinction in the marine realm and eustatic sea-level change in the Mesozoic is well documented, but perplexing, because it seems implausible that sea-levelExpand
Dynamic evolutionary change in post-Paleozoic echinoids and the importance of scale when interpreting changes in rates of evolution
TLDR
Recently developed methods for estimating rates of morphological evolution during the post-Paleozoic history of a major invertebrate clade, the Echinoidea are applied. Expand
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