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The purpose of the current investigation was to examine the influence of intermittency in visual information processes on intermittency in the control continuous force production. Adult human participants were required to maintain force at, and minimize variability around, a force target over an extended duration (15 s), while the intermittency of on-line(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis derived from information theory that increases in the variability of motor responses result from increases in perceptual-motor noise. Young adults maintained isometric force for extended periods at different levels of their maximum voluntary contraction. Force variability (SD) increased exponentially as a(More)
OBJECTIVES The study examines the time-dependent structure of force tremor to investigate two hypotheses: (1), the regularity of tremor can help in discriminating normal aging from that of Parkinson's disease (PD); and (2), there is increased tremor regularity with increases in the severity of PD. METHODS Eight young (21-29 years), eight elderly (68-80(More)
In the present 3 experiments, the authors examined the hypothesis, derived from information theory, that increases in the variability of motor responses result from increases in perceptual-motor noise. Three different groups of participants (Ns = 10, 9, and 10, respectively, in Experiments 1, 2, and 3) produced continuous isometric force under either low,(More)
Studies on the variability of motor output in Parkinson's disease have found contrasting results depending on the speed-accuracy constraints of the task. The first goal of this study was to determine if Parkinson's disease subjects are more variable than control subjects. The second goal of the study was to examine the limitations on visual and motor(More)
The current article reports an investigation of the influence of visual feedback on force production in Parkinson's disease (PD) that required subjects to maintain a constant amount of isometric force with their index finger and thumb with and without visual feedback. Eight PD and eight matched control subjects produced force at 5, 25 and 50% of their(More)
Actual and imagined action may be governed by common information and neural processes. This hypothesis has found strong support from a range of chronometric studies showing that it takes the same amount of time to actually move and to imagine moving. However, exceptions have been observed when actual and imagined movements were made under conditions of(More)
We examine the force fluctuations in the control of grip force to determine if force variability increases or decreases in relation to the degree of inter-digit individuation. This relation was examined in young (n = 7) and elderly (n = 7) participants, and in participants diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (n = 7). Force was produced under different force(More)
In this article, the authors examined the hypothesis that the direction of the change (increase or decrease) in the dynamical degrees of freedom (dimension) regulated as a function of motor learning is task-dependent. Adult participants learned 1 of 2 isometric force-production tasks (Experiment 1: constant force output; Experiment 2: sinusoidal force(More)
A main purpose of the current investigation was to determine if Fitts' index of difficulty [log(2)(2A/W)] could be taken as an index of subjective difficulty in prospective action. In two experiments, participants viewed 12 target displays with values of log(2)(2A/W) (prescribed difficulty) ranging between 1.0 and 6.5 bits. Following each 15 s trial,(More)