Andrew B. Leiter

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Candidate transcription factors involved in pancreatic endocrine development have been isolated using insulin gene regulation as a paradigm. The cell-type restricted basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) gene, BETA2/NeuroD, expressed in pancreatic endocrine cells, the intestine, and the brain, activates insulin gene transcription and can induce neurons to(More)
Mice deficient for the transcription factor neurogenin 3 (ngn3) fail to develop endocrine cells in the intestine and pancreas and show partial endocrine differentiation in the stomach. We expressed Cre recombinase under control of a ngn3 BAC to achieve high fidelity cell lineage tracing in vivo to determine whether endocrine cells in these organs(More)
For over 30 yr, it has been known that enteroendocrine cells derive from common precursor cells in the intestinal crypts. Until recently, relatively little was understood about the events that result in commitment to endocrine differentiation or the segregation of over 10 different hormone-expressing cell types in the gastrointestinal tract. The earliest(More)
The endocrine cells of the gut are a highly specialized mucosal cell subpopulation. Within the gastrointestinal tract at least 14 different cell types produce a wide range of hormones with a specific regional distribution. The gut endocrine cells belong to the diffuse endocrine system. These cells present two regulated pathways of secretion characterized by(More)
The islets of Langerhans contain four distinct endocrine cell types producing the hormones glucagon, insulin, somatostatin and pancreatic polypeptide. These cell lineages are thought to arise from a common, multipotential progenitor cell whose identity has not been well established. The pancreatic and intestinal hormone, peptide YY, has been previously(More)
The gene encoding the hormone secretin is expressed only in enteroendocrine S cells and insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells during development. A 120-bp enhancer directs cell-specific expression of the rat secretin gene in secretin-expressing cells. The enhancer includes an E-box sequence, CAGCTG, which is important for transcriptional activity. To(More)
Within the developing pancreas Hepatic Nuclear Factor 6 (HNF6) directly activates the pro-endocrine transcription factor, Ngn3. HNF6 and Ngn3 are each essential for endocrine differentiation and HNF6 is also required for embryonic duct development. Most HNF6(-/-) animals die as neonates, making it difficult to study later aspects of HNF6 function. Here, we(More)
The major epithelial cell types lining the intestine comprise a perpetually self-renewing population of cells that differentiate continuously from a stem cell in the intestinal crypts. Secretin-producing enteroendocrine cells represent a nondividing subpopulation of intestinal epithelial cells, suggesting that expression of the hormone is coordinated with(More)
The neuroendocrine hypothalamus regulates a spectrum of essential biological processes and underlies a range of diseases from growth failure to obesity. While the exploration of hypothalamic function has progressed well, knowledge of hypothalamic development is poor. In particular, very little is known about the processes underlying the genesis and(More)
Secretin is a 27-amino acid gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of bicarbonate-rich pancreatic fluid. The unusually high number of serine, leucine, and arginine residues in secretin has precluded the use of oligonucleotides to screen cDNA libraries to isolate a secretin cDNA. In the present study, a short cDNA encoding porcine secretin(More)