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We propose a space-time stick-breaking process for the disease cluster estimation. The dependencies for spatial and temporal effects are introduced by using space-time covariate dependent kernel stick-breaking processes. We compared this model with the space-time standard random effect model by checking each model’s ability in terms of cluster detection of(More)
  • Angela D. Liese, Natalie Colabianchi, Archana P. Lamichhane, Timothy L. Barnes, James D. Hibbert, Dwayne E. Porter +2 others
  • 2010
Despite interest in the built food environment, little is known about the validity of commonly used secondary data. The authors conducted a comprehensive field census identifying the locations of all food outlets using a handheld global positioning system in 8 counties in South Carolina (2008-2009). Secondary data were obtained from 2 commercial companies,(More)
There has long been a recognition that place matters in health, from recognition of clusters of yellow fever and cholera in the 1800s to modern day analyses of regional and neighborhood effects on cancer patterns. Here we provide a summary of discussions about current practices in the spatial analysis of georeferenced cancer data by a panel of experts(More)
In spatial epidemiology, a scaling effect due to an aggregation of data from a finer to a coarser level is a common phenomenon. This article focuses on addressing this issue using a hierarchical Bayesian modeling framework. We propose three different multiscale models. The first two models use a shared random effect that the finer level inherits from the(More)
BACKGROUND European ecologic studies suggest higher socioeconomic status is associated with higher incidence of type 1 diabetes. Using data from a case-control study of diabetes among racially/ethnically diverse youth in the United States (U.S.), we aimed to evaluate the independent impact of neighborhood characteristics on type 1 diabetes risk. Data were(More)
() [ ] d 1 exp 1 5. 0 α θ − + = () () () { } [ ] d d 1 2 log exp 1 5. 0 α α θ − + = () () () () { } 3 4 0.5 1 exp cos sin θ α φ µ α φ ⎡ ⎤ = + − + − ⎣ ⎦ µ where the pollution source is arbitrarily selected to emit a contaminant in the direction of the mean angle 4 π µ = and whereφ = the angle of the centroid () () () () () { } 3 4 0.5 1 exp cos sin d θ α φ µ(More)
Mental retardation (MR) is a subset of developmental delay (DD), a broader classification of childhood disability. The purpose of this study was to determine if clusters of these two conditions were statistically significantly correlated. The residential addresses of 81,935 Medicaid insured pregnant women during each month of pregnancy were used to identify(More)
A range of point process models which are commonly used in spatial epidemiology applications for the increased incidence of disease are compared. The models considered vary from approximate methods to an exact method. The approximate methods include the Poisson process model and methods that are based on discretization of the study window. The exact method(More)
Spatial analysis is useful for the identification of areas of elevated risk of adverse health outcomes and generation of hypotheses. Identification of clusters based on maternal residence during pregnancy provides an important tool to investigate risk exposures. However, even though mental retardation (MR) is a substantial public health problem, there are(More)