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This cross-sectional study was designed to examine the effects of healthy ageing on muscle strength, power, and potentially related functional ability. Subjects were recruited through local and national newspapers and inclusion was based on strict health criteria, by questionnaire. Isometric knee extensor, isometric elbow flexor and handgrip strength, leg(More)
1. The force produced by isometric contractions of the quadriceps muscle have been studied during maximal voluntary contractions and when a substantial part of the muscle was electrically stimulated via surface electrodes. 2. In normal children and adults, the force of a maximal voluntary contraction of the quadriceps was proportional to body weight. 3. The(More)
Force exerted and power generated were measured during short-term exercise performed on a bicycle ergometer that had been modified by the addition of an electric motor driving the cranks at a chosen constant velocity. Five subjects made a series of 20-s maximum efforts at different crank velocities (range 23--171 rev/min). The forces exerted were(More)
We reevaluated the concept that the in vivo glucose disposal rate in man is determined by the activity of the glucose transport system. Rates of glucose disposal were determined in whole body and across forearm at four insulin levels (approximately 9, approximately 50, approximately 160, and approximately 1700 microU/ml) and at each insulin level at four(More)
The practicalities of conducting exercise studies with elderly and very elderly people have not been well described. In order to help others plan and perform such studies we describe our experience of recruiting volunteers, applying selection criteria, measuring strength, power, cardiorespiratory responses, and potentially related functional abilities.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of 12 weeks of progressive resistance strength training on the isometric strength, explosive power, and selected functional abilities of healthy women aged 75 and over. DESIGN Subjects were matched for age and habitual physical activity and then randomly assigned into either a control or an exercise group. SETTING The(More)
The mean isometric strength of the stronger quadriceps muscles of 12 healthy men in their seventies was 39% less than that of 12 healthy men in their twenties (P less than 0.001). The cross-sectional area of the quadriceps was measured at mid-thigh, by ultrasound scanning; the older men's stronger quadriceps were 25% smaller (P less than 0.001). The ratio(More)
Exendin-4 is a 39 amino acid peptide isolated from the salivary secretions of the Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum). It shows 53% sequence similarity to glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1. Unlike GLP-1, exendin-4 has a prolonged glucose-lowering action in vivo. We compared the potency and duration of glucose-lowering effects of exendin-4 and GLP-1 in(More)
The effects of the incretin mimetic exenatide (exendin-4) on metabolic parameters, insulin sensitivity, and beta-cell mass were examined in nondiabetic, insulin-resistant obese fa/fa Zucker rats. After 6 wk of treatment, ad libitum-fed exenatide-treated (EX) and pair-fed vehicle control (PF) rats had comparable food intake, body weight, hemoglobin A(1c)(More)
Sixty consecutive patients presenting with early-onset synovitis were studied by measuring rheumatoid factor (RF) titers and the percentage of oligosaccharide chains attached to the C gamma 2 domain of IgG that lack galactose (GAL[0]). After 2 years of followup, 39 patients (65%) had developed rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and 21 had developed a variety of(More)