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ICOS is expressed on activated T cells and particularly on CXCR5+ follicular Th cells in germinal centers (GC). Its deletion leads to a profound deficiency in memory B cell formation and switched Ab response in humans. Here, we show that in ICOS-deficient patients the generation of GCs is severely disturbed, and the numbers of circulating CXCR5+CD45RO+(More)
BACKGROUND Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited peripheral neuropathy. CMT type 1A is associated with a 1.5-megabase DNA duplication in region p11.2-p12 of chromosome 17 in most patients. An increased dosage of a gene within the duplicated segment appears to cause the disease. The PMP22 gene, which encodes a myelin protein, has(More)
  • Yongliang Zhang, Yeonseok Chung, +8 authors Chen Dong
  • 2006
T cell activation and tolerance are regulated by costimulatory molecules. Although PD-1 serves as a crucial negative regulator of T cells, the function of its ligands, PDL1 and PDL2, is still controversial. In this study, we created a PDL2-deficient mouse to characterize its function in T cell activation and tolerance. Antigen-presenting cells from PDL2-/-(More)
We show the cellular distribution of immunoreactivity (IR) for brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and tyrosine kinase receptors TRKB and TRKC in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) and controls at post-mortem. In both groups, nigral neurons, astrocytes, ramified and amoeboid microglia expressed all antigens. Caudate-putamen(More)
In this study, we describe the identification and in vitro functional activity of a novel multiple domain complement regulatory protein discovered based on its homology to short consensus repeat (SCR)-containing proteins of the regulators of complement activation (RCA) gene family. The rat cDNA encodes a predicted 388-kDa protein consisting of 14 N-terminal(More)
BACKGROUND Inducible CO-stimulatory molecule (ICOS), the third member of the CD28/CTLA4 family, is expressed by activated T cells and interacts with its ligand (ICOSL, B7-related protein-1 [B7RP-1]) that is constitutively expressed by B cells. The interaction of ICOS with its ligand leads to terminal differentiation of B cells to plasma cells.(More)
Previous work has shown ICOS can function independently of CD28, but whether either molecule can compensate for the other in vivo is not known. Since ICOS is a potent inducer of Th2 cytokines and linked to allergy and elevated serum IgE in humans, we hypothesized that augmenting ICOS costimulation in murine allergic airway disease may overcome CD28(More)
RT-PCR was used to assay for growth factors and receptors from seven different protein families in cochlea tissues of the juvenile rat. There was a broad representation of the growth factor families in all the cochlea tissues examined, though the organ of Corti and stria vascularis expressed a greater variety than the spiral ganglion. This broad expression(More)
To investigate the relationships between AMG 811 exposure, concentration changes in serum IFN-γ, and IFN-γ-induced protein 10 (CXCL10), and to identify important contributions of baseline covariates to these relationships. A mechanism based pharmacokinetic (PK)-pharmacodynamic (PD) model was developed. A target mediated disposition model was used to(More)
Programmed death-1 ligand 2 (PD-L2) is a ligand for programmed death-1 (PD-1), a receptor that plays an inhibitory role in T cell activation. Since previous studies have shown up-regulation of PD-L2 expression by Th2 cytokines, and asthma is driven by a Th2 response, we hypothesized that PD-L2 might be involved in regulation of the immune response in this(More)