Andrew A Singleton

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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) has been recognized recently as an uncommon cause of parkinsonism, an alternate presentation to the typical cerebellar disorder. This research review summarizes the existing literature on parkinsonism-predominant presentation SCA2 and presents new clinical cases of patients with this condition. Various phenotypes are(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia (ARHSP) with thin corpus callosum (TCC) is a common form of complex hereditary spastic paraplegia. The genetic lesion underlying ARHSP-TCC was localized to chromosome 15q13-q15 and given the designation SPG11. Recently, the gene encoding spatacsin (KIAA1840) has been shown to contain mutations(More)
Progressive neuronal cell loss in a small subset of brainstem and mesencephalic nuclei and widespread aggregation of the α-synuclein protein in the form of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites are neuropathological hallmarks of Parkinson's disease. Most cases occur sporadically, but mutations in several genes, including SNCA, which encodes α-synuclein, are(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia (ARHSP) with thin corpus callosum is a distinct and usually severe form of complex hereditary spastic paraplegia classified as SPG11. Recently mutations on SPG11 gene (KIAA1840), which is localized to chromosome 15q13-q15, were shown to cause the majority of SPG11 cases. METHODS We analysed the(More)
The authors recently have shown that triplication of the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) can cause Parkinson disease (PD) and diffuse Lewy body disease within the same kindred. The authors assessed 101 familial PD probands, 325 sporadic PD cases, 65 patients with dementia with Lewy bodies, and 366 neurologically normal control subjects for SNCA multiplication.(More)
BACKGROUND GP referrals to secondary care are an important factor in the cost of running the NHS. The known variation in referral rates between doctors has the potential to cause tension within primary care which will be exacerbated by the latest reorganization of primary care and the trend towards capitation-based budgets. The importance of postgraduate(More)
In the last decade, major breakthroughs in the understanding of genetic contributions to Parkinson's disease (PD) have been achieved. Recently, mutations in LRRK2, encoding dardarin, have been found to be responsible for an autosomal dominant parkinsonism (OMIM 607060). We screened 311 subjects (cases: n = 202, controls: n = 109) for the three previously(More)
PURPOSE To present the first genetically supported case of X linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP) or 'lubag' reported in an Australian hospital. METHODS We performed PCR amplification of microsatellite markers in and around the previously described segregating region for the XDP haplotype. RESULTS Linkage was confirmed using markers ZNF261, DXS10017, and(More)
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