Andrew A Jukes

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Pesticides play an important role in the success of modern farming and food production. However, the release of pesticides to the environment arising from non-approved use, poor practice, illegal operations or misuse is increasingly recognised as contributing to water contamination. Biobeds appear to offer a cost-effective method for treating(More)
Biobeds provide a potential solution to pesticide contamination of surface waters arising from the farmyard. Previous work has shown that biobeds can effectively treat spills and splashes of pesticide. This study investigated the potential for biobeds to treat much larger volumes and amounts of pesticide waste not only arising from spills but also from(More)
Pesticides may be released to farmyard surfaces as a result of spillages, leakages, and the decontamination of tractors and sprayers. Biobeds can be used to intercept and treat contaminated runoff, thus minimizing losses to the environment. Previous studies using lined and unlined biobeds showed that water management was the limiting factor for both(More)
The need to find non-organophosphorus insecticides to control the cabbage root fly has never been so urgent. Of the six non-OP insecticides tested, fipronil was the most effective but spinosad, diflubenzuron and cyromazine also showed considerable promise. As expected, the transplant drenches (34 mg active ingredient (a.i./plant) were more effective than(More)
The persistence of the fungicides thiabendazole, carbendazim and prochloraz-Mn in mushroom casing soil was determined following their application at rates commonly used in the UK mushroom industry. Following drench applications, the concentration of all active ingredients was always higher in the top half of the casing soil layer than in with the bottom(More)
Laboratory incubation studies were made on soils collected from five field sites with different histories of treatment with carbofuran. All soils treated earlier with carbofuran degraded the compound more rapidly than untreated samples of the same soils. Reduced rates of degradation in the presence of chloramphenicol imply that soil bacteria are primarily(More)
Biobeds can be used to intercept pesticide-contaminated runoff from the mixing/washdown area, creating optimum conditions for sorption and biodegradation such that the amount of pesticide reaching adjacent water bodies is significantly reduced. The biobed is built on the farm using locally available materials, which include, straw, compost, and topsoil. The(More)
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