Learn More
Cannabinoids represent one of the most widely used hallucinogenic drugs and induce profound alterations in sensory perception and emotional processing. Similarly, the dopamine (DA) neurotransmitter system is critical for the central processing of emotion and motivation. Functional disturbances in either of these neurotransmitter systems are well-established(More)
We report for the first time abnormalities in cardiac ventricular electrophysiology in a genetically modified murine model lacking the Scn3b gene (Scn3b(-/-)). Scn3b(-/-) mice were created by homologous recombination in embryonic stem (ES) cells. RT-PCR analysis confirmed that Scn3b mRNA was expressed in the ventricles of wild-type (WT) hearts but was(More)
Temporal binding via 40-Hz synchronization of neuronal discharges in sensory cortices has been hypothesized to be a necessary condition for the rapid selection of perceptually relevant information for further processing in working memory. Binocular rivalry experiments have shown that late stage visual processing associated with the recognition of a stimulus(More)
BACKGROUND The SCN5A sodium channel is a major determinant for cardiac impulse propagation. We used epicardial mapping of the atria, ventricles, and septae to investigate conduction velocity (CV) in Scn5a heterozygous young and old mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice were divided into 4 groups: (1) young (3 to 4 months) wild-type littermates (WT); (2) young(More)
AIM To explore the physiological consequences of the ryanodine receptor (RyR2)-P2328S mutation associated with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). METHODS We generated heterozygotic (RyR2 p/s) and homozygotic (RyR2 s/s) transgenic mice and studied Ca2+ signals from regularly stimulated, Fluo-3-loaded, cardiac myocytes. Results(More)
Ventricular arrhythmogenesis in long QT 3 syndrome (LQT3) involves both triggered activity and re-entrant excitation arising from delayed ventricular repolarization. Effects of specific L-type Ca2+ channel antagonism were explored in a gain-of-function murine LQT3 model produced by a DeltaKPQ 1505-1507 deletion in the SCN5A gene. Monophasic action(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigate the extent to which the electrocardiographic (ECG) properties of intact Scn5a+/- mice reproduce the corresponding clinical Brugada syndrome phenotype and use this model to investigate the role of conduction and repolarization abnormalities in the arrhythmogenic mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS The ECGs were obtained from(More)
AIM In contrast to extensive reports on the roles of Na(v)1.5 alpha-subunits, there have been few studies associating the beta-subunits with cardiac arrhythmogenesis. We investigated the sino-atrial and conduction properties in the hearts of Scn3b(-/-) mice. METHODS The following properties were compared in the hearts of wild-type (WT) and Scn3b(-/-)(More)
Aims The experiments explored for atrial arrhythmogenesis and its possible physiological background in recently developed hetero-(RyR2 +/S) and homozygotic (RyR2 S/S) RyR2-P2328S murine models for catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) for the first time. They complement previous clinical and experimental reports describing increased(More)
1. Intracellular Ca(2+) overload has been associated with established atrial arrhythmogenesis. The present experiments went on to correlate acute initiation of atrial arrhythmogenesis in Langendorff-perfused mouse hearts with changes in Ca(2+) homeostasis in isolated atrial myocytes following pharmacological procedures that modified the storage or release(More)