Andrew A Eisen

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OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a common, fatal motor neuron disorder with no effective treatment. Approximately 10% of cases are familial ALS (FALS), and the most common genetic abnormality is superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) mutations. Most ALS research in the past decade has focused on the neurotoxicity of mutant SOD1, and this knowledge(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is an established neurophysiological tool to examine the integrity of the fast-conducting corticomotor pathways in a wide range of diseases associated with motor dysfunction. This includes but is not limited to patients with multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, stroke, movement disorders, disorders(More)
In a double-blind trial in 21 patients with spasmodic torticollis botulinum-A toxin produced both subjective and objective improvement, including significant pain relief in 14 of the 16 patients presenting with pain. Side-effects were more frequently reported during placebo administration and no significant systemic adverse reactions were noted.
Two studies recently identified a GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat expansion in a non-coding region of the chromosome 9 open-reading frame 72 gene (C9ORF72) as the cause of chromosome 9p-linked amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). In a cohort of 231 probands with ALS, we identified the C9ORF72 mutation in 17 familial (27.4%)(More)
We compared the diagnostic capabilities of MRI to CT, evoked potentials (EP), and CSF oligoclonal banding analysis in a prospective evaluation of 200 patients with suspected multiple sclerosis (MS). MRI was the best method for demonstrating dissemination in space. An abnormal appropriate EP in monosymptomatic disease was usually supported by MRI and CSF(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is characterised by the progressive loss of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. This neurodegenerative syndrome shares pathobiological features with frontotemporal dementia and, indeed, many patients show features of both diseases. Many different genes and pathophysiological processes contribute to the disease, and it(More)
Motor mapping using transcranial magnetic stimulation has been applied to the study of adaptive and restorative mechanisms of the motor cortex. To date, the reproducibility of mapping techniques has yet to be investigated in detail and/or confirmed. We report a technique used to map the abductor pollicis brevis (APB) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) motor(More)
A consensus meeting was held to determine the best use and interpretation of electrophysiological data in the diagnosis of ALS. The utility of needle EMG and nerve conduction studies was affirmed. It is recommended that electrophysiological evidence for chronic neurogenic change should be taken as equivalent to clinical information in the recognition of(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex excites limb muscles of the contralateral side of the body. Reports of poorly defined, or a complete lack of systematic excitatory responses of soleus motoneurons compared with those of tibialis anterior (TA) motoneurons has led to the proposal that while all ankle flexor motoneurons receive strong(More)