Andressa de Freitas

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Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory condition following bacterial infection with a high mortality rate and limited therapeutic options. Here we show that interleukin-33 (IL-33) reduces mortality in mice with experimental sepsis from cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). IL-33-treated mice developed increased neutrophil influx into the peritoneal cavity and more(More)
Patients with sepsis have a marked defect in neutrophil migration. Here we identify a key role of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in the regulation of neutrophil migration and resistance during polymicrobial sepsis. We found that the expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR2 was dramatically down-regulated in circulating neutrophils from WT mice with severe(More)
Chronic hypoxia causes pulmonary vascular remodeling leading to pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right ventricle (RV) hypertrophy. Aberrant expression of microRNA (miRNA) is closely associated with a number of pathophysiologic processes. However, the role of miRNAs in chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling and PH has not been well(More)
In this study, we have addressed the role of H(2)S in modulating neutrophil migration in either innate (LPS-challenged naive mice) or adaptive (methylated BSA (mBSA)-challenged immunized mice) immune responses. Treatment of mice with H(2)S synthesis inhibitors, dl-propargylglycine (PAG) or beta-cyanoalanine, reduced neutrophil migration induced by LPS or(More)
Ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma), such as 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) have been implicated as a new class of anti-inflammatory compounds with possible clinical applications. Based on this concept, this investigation was designed to determine the effect of 15d-PGJ2-mediated activation of PPAR-gamma(More)
In the present study, we addressed the role of intercellular adhesion molecule type 1 (ICAM-1/CD54) in neutrophil migration to inflammatory site and whether the inhibitory effect of nitric oxide (NO) upon the neutrophil rolling, adhesion and migration involves down-modulation of ICAM-1 expression through a cyclic GMP (cGMP) dependent mechanism. It was(More)
RATIONALE Recovering the neutrophil migration to the infectious focus improves survival in severe sepsis. Recently, we demonstrated that the cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE)/hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) pathway increased neutrophil recruitment to inflammatory focus during sterile inflammation. OBJECTIVES To evaluate if H(2)S administration increases neutrophil(More)
Sepsis results from an overwhelming response to infection and is a major contributor to death in intensive care units worldwide. In recent years, we and others have shown that neutrophil functionality is impaired in sepsis. This correlates with sepsis severity and contributes to aggravation of sepsis by precluding bacterial clearance. Nitric oxide (NO) is a(More)
RATIONALE The failure of neutrophils to migrate to an infection focus during severe sepsis is an important determinant of the inability of a host to deal with an infectious insult. Our laboratory has shown that inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) induction and NO production contribute to the failure of neutrophils to migrate in the context of sepsis. (More)
Previously, it was demonstrated that the heme/heme oxygenase (HO)/carbon monoxide (CO) pathway inhibits neutrophil recruitment during the inflammatory response. Herein, we addressed whether the inhibitory effect of the HO pathway on neutrophil adhesion and migration involves the reduction of intracellular adhesion molecule type (ICAM)-1 and β2-integrin(More)