Andres Pinto

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Obesity in the young is a public health priority. The prevalence of overweight children in the United States has risen almost threefold in the last two decades. An association between weight and oral health has been suggested in adults, whereas evidence supporting this association in children is controversial at best. The aim of our study was to evaluate(More)
Although there are theoretically numerous pharmacologic targets for relieving temporomandibular disorder (TMD)-associated pains, evidence-based literature clearly establishing the efficacy and safety of drugs in the TMD population is limited at best. This article reviews the pharmacology, toxicology, and research supporting the use of a host of(More)
The term periodontitis is used to describe a group of multifactorial diseases that result in the progressive destruction of the structures that support the teeth within the jaws, the so-called attachment apparatus, which includes the periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone. If left untreated, this process can ultimately lead to tooth loss. The(More)
BACKGROUND Eight analgesic preparations with approved indications for acute pain were among the top 200 drugs prescribed in the United States in 2006. In addition, an estimated 36 million Americans use over-the-counter (OTC) analgesics daily. Given this volume of use, it is not surprising that a number of drug interactions involving analgesic drugs have(More)
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral and oropharyngeal region is the sixth most common malignancy in the world today. Despite numerous advances in treatment, long-term survival from this disease remains poor. Early detection can decrease both morbidity and mortality associated with this neoplasm. However, screening for potentially malignant disease is(More)
A 53-year-old Caucasian female presented to the Oral Medicine Department at the hospital of the University of Pennsylvania for consultation regarding facial pain. A panoramic radiograph revealed multilocular radiolucencies in the right articular eminence. A CT scan was then performed, and the radiolucencies were determined to be pneumatization of the(More)
BACKGROUND Treating periodontal disease during pregnancy to improve outcomes is controversial, and the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are conflicting. The authors performed meta-analysis of these RCTs to assess the overall effect of treating periodontal disease during pregnancy. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED The authors performed a(More)
SETTING In the first 2 years of the East Timor National TB Control Programme, 7960 new patients were treated (2RHZE/6HE) and 224 received a retreatment regimen (2SRHZE/1RHZE/4R3H3Z3E3). OBJECTIVE To determine the nature and extent of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in treatment failure cases in East Timor. METHODS Sputum specimens from retreatment(More)
A commonly misdiagnosed condition, burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is characterized by burning sensations of the oral cavity in the absence of physical abnormalities of the oral mucosa. BMS affects middle-aged women predominantly. This condition has a multifactorial etiology, although several conditions have been associated with BMS, including(More)
Periodic fever syndromes in children can present with orofacial manifestations which contribute to the formulation of a differential diagnosis. Because of the early onset of oral lesions in these syndromes, the oral medicine practitioner may be required to assist in their diagnosis and management. The periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and(More)