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Bacterial pheromones, mainly different homoserine lactones, are central to a number of bacterial signaling processes, including those involved in plant pathogenicity. We previously demonstrated that N-oxoacyl-homoserine lactone (OHL) is essential for quorum sensing in the soft-rot phytopathogen Erwinia carotovora. In this pathogen, OHL controls the(More)
Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora is a gram-negative bacterium that causes soft rot disease of many cultivated crops. When a collection of E. carotovora subsp. carotovora isolates was analyzed on a Southern blot using the harpin-encoding gene hrpN as probe, several harpinless isolates were found. Regulation of virulence determinants in one of these,(More)
The production of the main virulence determinants of the plant pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora, the extracellular cell wall-degrading enzymes, is partly controlled by the diffusible signal molecule N-(3-oxohexanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (OHHL). OHHL is synthesized by the product of the expI/carI gene. Linked to expI we found a gene encoding a(More)
The ceIV1 gene encoding a secreted cellulase (CelV1) of Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora SCC3193 was cloned and its nucleotide sequence determined. The gene contains an open reading frame of 1511 by and codes for an exported protein of 504 amino acids. The predicted amino acid sequence of Ce1V1 was highly similar to that of CeIV of another E. c. subsp.(More)
Using mini-Tn5CmR::gusA, a transposon that allows transcriptional fusions to a promoterless beta-glucuronidase gene, a mutant of Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora SCC3193 deficient in extracellular protease production and soft-rot pathogenicity in plants was isolated. The mutant, designated SCC6004, produced normal levels of pectate lyase,(More)
The plant-pathogenic bacterium Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Ecc) causes disease mainly by means of a number of extracellular plant cell wall-degrading enzymes (PCWDEs), also referred to as virulence factors. The production of PCWDEs is coordinately activated by the diffusible signal molecule N-acyl-homoserine lactone (HSL) in a population(More)
summary Identification of potato genes responsive to cell wall-degrading enzymes of Erwinia carotovora resulted in the isolation of cDNA clones for four related receptor-like protein kinases. One of the putative serine-threonine protein kinases might have arisen through alternative splicing. These potato receptor-like kinases (PRK1-4) were highly equivalent(More)
Quorum sensing is a process by which bacteria communicate using secreted chemical signaling molecules called autoinducers. In this study, the opportunistic plant pathogen Erwinia carotovora ssp. carotovora was observed to secrete type II signaling molecules. A homolog of luxS, the gene required for AI-2 synthesis in Vibrio harveyi, was isolated from the(More)
Quorum sensing (QS) is a population density-dependent regulatory mechanism in which gene expression is coupled to the accumulation of a chemical signaling molecule. QS systems are widespread among the plant soft-rotting bacteria. In Pectobacterium carotovorum, at least two QS systems exist being specified by the nature of chemical signals involved. QS in(More)
The pectate lyase (Pel, EC 4.2.2.2) isoenzyme profile of Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora was characterized by isoelectric focusing, and the corresponding genes coding for four different exported Pels were cloned. The nucleotide sequence of the pelB gene encoding one of these isoenzymes was determined and was shown to contain 1,040-bp open reading frame(More)