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[1] The Radiation Transfer Model Intercomparison (RAMI) initiative is a community-driven exercise to benchmark the models of radiation transfer (RT) used to represent the reflectance of terrestrial surfaces. Systematic model intercomparisons started in 1999 as a self-organized, open-access, voluntary activity of the RT modeling community. The results of the(More)
Leaf area index (LAI) is an important structural property of vegetation canopy and is also one of the basic quantities driving the algorithms used in regional and global biogeochemical, ecological and meteorological applications. LAI can be estimated from remotely sensed data through the vegetation indices (VI) and the inversion of a canopy radiative(More)
The aim of this paper is to investigate the feasibility of using Landsat ETM+ data for the determination of leaf area index (LAI). The investigation is prompted by the need for obtaining spatially distributed data on LAI to be used as input for carbon modelling of northern boreal forests. Detailed field data have been collected in a coniferous forest area(More)
3 The RAdiation transfer Model Intercomparison (RAMI) initiative benchmarks canopy 4 reflectance models under well-controlled experimental conditions. Launched for the first 5 time in 1999 this triennial community exercise encourages the systematic evaluation of 6 canopy reflectance models on a voluntary basis. The first phase of RAMI focused on doc-7(More)
The dynamics of the content of insulin, somatotropic hormone, glucose and the free fatty acids were studied in 32 male patients with ischaemic heart disease subjected to direct revascularization on the myocardium under neuroleptanalgesia and artificial circulation with moderate hypothermia and haemodilution. It is established that during operations on the(More)
Forest reflectance models are able to contribute to the interpretation of satellite images over forested areas. A multipurpose forest reflectance model, its basic ideas, model input and output options are briefly described. The possibility to apply the model in forest remote sensing is demonstrated through the following simulation examples: the age(More)
3 The RAdiation transfer Model Intercomparison (RAMI) initiative benchmarks canopy 4 reflectance models under well-controlled experimental conditions. Launched for the first 5 time in 1999 this triennial community exercise encourages the systematic evaluation of 6 canopy reflectance models on a voluntary basis. The first phase of RAMI focused on doc7(More)
An algorithm has been proposed to estimate the leaf area index (LAI) and canopy closure of forest canopies from the distribution of gap fraction measured by an LAI-2000 plant canopy analyser by inverting a forest gap fraction theoretical formula. The algorithm is based on the idea that the canopy closure is estimated from the reading of canopy analyser in(More)
A series of small, lightweight, autonomous spectrometer systems has been designed in Tartu Observatory. They are used for obtaining top-of-canopy spectral reflectance measurements for vegetation remote sensing, validation of radiative transfer models, and reflectance-based vicarious calibration of satellite and airborne sensors. The spectrometer systems are(More)