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UNLABELLED Failure of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography (TE, FibroScan) and unreliable results occur in ≈ 5% and 15% of patients, respectively, mainly due to obesity. In this multicenter study, we evaluated the feasibility and performance of the novel FibroScan XL probe in 276 patients with chronic liver disease (42% viral(More)
CONTEXT Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection outcomes include liver failure, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and liver-related death. OBJECTIVE To assess the association between sustained virological response (SVR) and all-cause mortality in patients with chronic HCV infection and advanced hepatic fibrosis. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS An(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate tools for the noninvasive detection of hepatic steatosis are needed. The Controlled Attenuation Parameter (CAP) specifically targets liver steatosis using a process based on transient elastography. METHODS Patients with chronic liver disease and body mass index (BMI) ≥28 kg/m(2) underwent biopsy and liver stiffness measurement (LSM)(More)
BACKGROUND The psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES) is a battery of neuropsychological tests used in the diagnosis of minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE). AIM The aim of this study was to construct and validate a dataset of normal values for the PHES. METHODS Volunteers and patients with cirrhosis with and without low-grade overt hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The FibroScan XL probe facilitates liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography (TE) in obese patients, yet factors affecting its accuracy have not been described. Our objectives were to examine the prevalence, risk factors, and causes of discordance between fibrosis estimated by the FibroScan XL probe and biopsy. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND A novel Fibroscan XL probe has recently been introduced and validated for obese patients, and has a diagnostic accuracy comparable with that of the standard M probe. The aim of this study was to analyze and understand the differences between these two probes in nonobese patients, to identify underlying causes for these differences, and to develop(More)
PURPOSE Noninvasive tools for the detection of hepatic steatosis are needed. The Fatty Liver Index (FLI), which includes body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides, and γ-glutamyl-transferase, has been proposed as a screening tool for fatty liver. Our objective was to validate the FLI for the detection and quantification of hepatic steatosis(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The IL28B genotype has been linked to sustained virological response (SVR) in hepatitis C virus (HCV). Its role on disease biology and progression is less clear. We characterized the effects of IL28B genotype on HCV recurrence, allograft histology, rate of SVR, and survival after liver transplantation (LT) in HCV. METHODS Consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There is no histologic classification system to determine prognoses of patients with alcoholic hepatitis (AH). We identified histologic features associated with disease severity and created a histologic scoring system to predict short-term (90-day) mortality. METHODS We analyzed data from 121 patients admitted to the Liver Unit (Hospital(More)
Malignancy of neoplasms is partly dependent on angiogenesis. Angiotensin II mediates angiogenesis and transcription of growth-related factors through stimulation of the AT1 receptor (AT1R). Losartan, a drug used mostly for treatment of hypertension, binds strongly to this receptor. We found the presence of AT1 receptor on C6 glioma cells and studied the(More)