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BACKGROUND Six hospitals instituted a voluntary, system-wide, pathway for community acquired pneumonia (CAP). We proposed this study to determine the impact of pathway antibiotics on patient survival, hospital length of stay (LOS), and total hospital cost. METHODS Data were collected for adults from six U.S. hospitals with a principal CAP discharge(More)
BACKGROUND Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy (BHRT) is believed it to be a safer and equally effective alternative to Conventional Hormone Therapy for the relief of menopausal symptoms; however, data are needed to support these claims. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of compounded BHRT provided in six community(More)
Prior studies demonstrated improved menopausal symptom relief following treatment with compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy; however, clinical effectiveness studies evaluating different routes of bioidentical hormone replacement therapy administration are lacking. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of sublingual(More)
OBJECTIVE The 2007 American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America (ATS/IDSA) guidelines recommend that community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients admitted to hospital wards initially receive respiratory fluoroquinolone monotherapy or beta-lactam plus macrolide combination therapy. There is little evidence as to which regimen is preferred,(More)
OBJECTIVES To quantify influenza vaccination rates and determine perceived barriers to influenza vaccination among U.S. pharmacists from various practice settings. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING United States in 2008. PARTICIPANTS 1,028 respondents, including 895 pharmacists. INTERVENTION A survey request was distributed manually at the 2008(More)
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