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The effects of methyleugenol (ME) on guinea-pig isolated ileum were studied. ME reversibly relaxed basal tonus (EC50 of 52.2 +/- 18.3 microM), an action unaltered by 0.5 microM tetrodotoxin or 0.5 mM hexamethonium, and relaxed the ileum pre-contracted with 60 mM KCl. ME slightly hyperpolarized the ileum from -57.3 to -62.8 mV but had no effect in(More)
Vascular disease has importance in chronic diabetes mellitus but long-term impact of maternal diabetes (MD) on vascular function in the offspring is poorly investigated. This study aimed to examine the alterations produced by MD in K (+) channels activity on endothelium-dependent aortic relaxation induced by acetylcholine (ACh) in adult offspring rats.(More)
1. 1,8-Cineole is a non-toxic small terpenoid oxide believed to have medicinal properties in folk medicine. It has been shown to have various pharmacological effects, including blockade of the compound action potential (AP). In the present study, using intracellular recording techniques, we investigated the effects of 1,8-cineole on the electrophysiological(More)
Various essential oils are rich in carvacrol, a monoterpenic phenol isomeric with thymol. This study was undertaken to assess the vasorelaxant effects of thymol and carvacrol in rat isolated aorta and the putative mechanisms underlying these effects. Thymol and carvacrol produced a concentration-dependent relaxation on the aortic ring preparations(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the effects of eugenol (EUG) on tracheal muscle (TM) and the putative mechanisms underlying these effects. Cumulatively increasing concentrations (1-1000 μm) of EUG did not affect the resting tonus of TM. However, EUG (1-2000 μm) reduced the contractions induced by electrical field stimulation (IC(50) = 842.3 ± 52.7 μm),(More)
The effects of eugenol on the excitation-contraction coupling of the toad (Bufo paracnemis) sartorius were studied. Eugenol (0.1-2.5 mM) blocked the contracture induced by 80 mM K+. At 2.5 mM, it decreased the depolarization, induced by 80 mM K+, by 14 mV. This is not sufficient to explain the complete blockade of the potassium contracture. At higher(More)
Eugenol is a phenylpropene obtained from the essential oils of plants such as clove and basil which has ample use in dentistry. Eugenol possesses analgesic effects that may be related to the inhibition of voltage-dependent Na+ channels and/or to the activation of TRPV1 receptors or both. In the present study, electrophysiological parameters were taken from(More)
Plants of the genus Croton have been used extensively in the northeast of Brazil for treating various clinical conditions. Previous studies have demonstrated that the essential oil of some specimens of Croton sp. have a relaxing effect on tracheal smooth muscle. Our study aimed to characterize the effects of Croton sonderianus essential oil samples,(More)
Cardiovascular effects of intravenous (i.v.) treatment with the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCN) were investigated in rats. Additionally, this study examined the importance of the autonomic nervous system in mediation of the EOCN-induced changes in mean aortic pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). In both pentobarbitone-anaesthetised and conscious(More)
The effects of eugenol (1-2000 microM) on rat isolated ileum were studied. Eugenol relaxed the basal tonus (IC50 83 microM) and the ileum precontracted with 60 mM KCl (IC50 162 microM), an action unaltered by 0.5 microM tetrodotoxin, 0.2 mM N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, 0.5 mM hexamethonium, and 1 microM indomethacin. Eugenol did not alter the resting(More)