Andrelina Noronha Coelho-de-Souza

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Mentha x villosa Huds (Labiatae) is an aromatic herb widely used in folk medicine. Since the essential oil of the herb has many pharmacological activities, including antispasmodic effects, we determined whether the oil and its major constituent, piperitenone oxide (PO), have antinociceptive activity. The essential oil of M. x villosa (EOMV) and PO(More)
The present work studied the effects of the essential oil of Pterodon polygalaeflorus (EOPP), a plant used to treat bronchitis and amigdalytis, on rat airway smooth muscle in vitro. In Ca(2+)-containing medium, EOPP (100-1300 microg/ml) inhibited preferentially high KCl- than 5-HT-induced muscle contractions in a concentration-dependent fashion, but did(More)
Various essential oils are rich in carvacrol, a monoterpenic phenol isomeric with thymol. This study was undertaken to assess the vasorelaxant effects of thymol and carvacrol in rat isolated aorta and the putative mechanisms underlying these effects. Thymol and carvacrol produced a concentration-dependent relaxation on the aortic ring preparations(More)
The effects of methyleugenol (ME) on guinea-pig isolated ileum were studied. ME reversibly relaxed basal tonus (EC50 of 52.2 +/- 18.3 microM), an action unaltered by 0.5 microM tetrodotoxin or 0.5 mM hexamethonium, and relaxed the ileum pre-contracted with 60 mM KCl. ME slightly hyperpolarized the ileum from -57.3 to -62.8 mV but had no effect in(More)
Cardiovascular effects of intravenous (i.v.) treatment with the essential oil of Croton nepetaefolius (EOCN) were investigated in rats. Additionally, this study examined the importance of the autonomic nervous system in mediation of the EOCN-induced changes in mean aortic pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). In both pentobarbitone-anaesthetised and conscious(More)
Vasorelaxant effects of essential oil of Alpinia zerumbet (EOAZ) and its main constituent, 1,8-cineole (CIN) were studied. In rat isolated aorta preparations with intact endothelium, EOAZ (0.01-3000 microg/ml) induced significant but incomplete relaxation of the phenylephrine-induced contraction, an effect that was abolished by removal of vascular(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Hyptis crenata Pohl ex Benth (Lamiaceae), popularly known as "hortelã-brava" or "hortelã do campo", is widely distributed in the northeast of Brazil. In Brazil, the leaves of this plant have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal disturbances, including gastric ulcers. In an attempt to(More)
Vascular disease has importance in chronic diabetes mellitus but long-term impact of maternal diabetes (MD) on vascular function in the offspring is poorly investigated. This study aimed to examine the alterations produced by MD in K (+) channels activity on endothelium-dependent aortic relaxation induced by acetylcholine (ACh) in adult offspring rats.(More)
1. 1,8-Cineole is a non-toxic small terpenoid oxide believed to have medicinal properties in folk medicine. It has been shown to have various pharmacological effects, including blockade of the compound action potential (AP). In the present study, using intracellular recording techniques, we investigated the effects of 1,8-cineole on the electrophysiological(More)
The effects of eugenol (1-2000 microM) on rat isolated ileum were studied. Eugenol relaxed the basal tonus (IC50 83 microM) and the ileum precontracted with 60 mM KCl (IC50 162 microM), an action unaltered by 0.5 microM tetrodotoxin, 0.2 mM N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, 0.5 mM hexamethonium, and 1 microM indomethacin. Eugenol did not alter the resting(More)