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The term "predictive brain" depicts one of the most relevant concepts in cognitive neuroscience which emphasizes the importance of "looking into the future", namely prediction, preparation, anticipation, prospection or expectations in various cognitive domains. Analogously, it has been suggested that predictive processing represents one of the fundamental(More)
Setting perceptual expectations can be based on different sources of information that determine which functional networks will be involved in implementing preparatory top-down influences and dealing with situations in which expectations are violated. The goal of the present study was to investigate and directly compare brain activations triggered by(More)
Identifying and evaluating events which are novel in a particular environment is crucially important for adaptive behavior. These events are often not just novel, as they typically violate expectations which may be formulated based on numerous features of our surroundings, one of which includes the ordinal structure (temporal order) of relevant stimuli.(More)
Living with a sensory impairment is challenging and those who have lost the use of one sensory modality need to find ways to deal with numerous problems encountered in daily life. When vision is lost, this may include navigating through space, finding objects, recognizing people or surroundings, reading or even communicating without much access to nonverbal(More)
Identifying novel or unexpected events which violate predictions based on the regularities extracted from our environment is crucially important for adaptive behavior. However, the exact dynamics of processing such events is not well understood. Furthermore, it is not known in which degree the process of deviant detection differs across contexts and how(More)
Processing perceptual sequences relies on the motor system, which is able to simulate the dynamics of the environment by developing internal representations of external events and using them to predict the incoming stimuli. Although it has previously been demonstrated that such models may incorporate predictions based on exact stimulus properties and single(More)
Algebra typically represents the students' first encounter with abstract mathematical reasoning and it therefore causes significant difficulties for students who still reason concretely. The aim of the present study was to investigate the developmental trajectory of the students' ability to solve simple algebraic equations. 311 participants between the ages(More)
While contemporaries often viewed his reversible composite heads as scherzi (jokes) and modem art connoisseurs as creative masterpieces, Giuseppe Arcimboldo's ingenious paintings served as inspiring stimuli for the present eye-tracking experiment. One group of participants viewed three chosen paintings in an upright, and another in an upside-down,(More)
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