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AIM Conformational analysis of fluorescent styryl dyes FM 1-43 and FM 4-64 was undertaken to clarify if distinct activity-dependent labelling of single lactotrophs vesicles and plasma membrane by two dyes is associated with their structural differences. METHODS The activity-dependent labelling of single vesicles and plasma membrane by FM 1-43 and FM 4-64(More)
Cyclothialidines are a class of bacterial DNA gyrase B (GyrB) subunit inhibitors, targeting its ATP-binding site. Starting from the available structural information on cyclothialidine GR122222X (2), an in silico virtual screening campaign was designed combining molecular docking calculations with three-dimensional structure-based pharmacophore information.(More)
The virtual combinatorial chemistry approach as a methodology for generating chemical libraries of structurally-similar analogs in a virtual environment was employed for building a general mixed virtual combinatorial library with a total of 53.871 6-FQ structural analogs, introducing the real synthetic pathways of three well known 6-FQ inhibitors. The(More)
The complex and widespread family of integrin receptors is involved in numerous physiological processes, such as tissue remodeling, angiogenesis, development of the immune response and homeostasis. In addition, their key role has been elucidated in important pathological disorders such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, autoimmune and(More)
Peptides exist in solution as an equilibrium mixture of conformers. The backbone conformational constraints are of interest as a means of limiting degrees of freedom and thereby constraining a synthetic peptide into the bioactive conformation. This concept plays an important role in the design of peptidomimetics in the drug development process. In the early(More)
DNA topoisomerases comprise an important family of enzymes that catalyse the induction of topological changes (e.g. relaxation/ supercoiling, catenation/decatenation and knotting/unknotting) in the DNA molecule. These enzymes perform their functions by creating transient either single-stranded or double-stranded breaks in the DNA molecule. Due to their(More)
Enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan, an essential cell wall polymer unique to prokaryotic cells, represent a highly interesting target for antibacterial drug design. Structural studies of E. coli MurD, a three-domain ATP hydrolysis driven muramyl ligase revealed two inactive open conformations of the enzyme with a distinct(More)
The peptidoglycan biosynthetic pathway provides an array of potential targets for antibacterial drug design, attractive especially with respect to selective toxicity. Within this pathway, the members of the Mur ligase family are considered as promising emerging targets for novel antibacterial drug design. Based on the available MurD crystal structures(More)
The increasing incidence of bacterial resistance to most available antibiotics has underlined the urgent need for the discovery of novel efficacious antibacterial agents. The biosynthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan, where the MurD enzyme is involved in the intracellular phase of UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide formation, represents a collection of highly selective(More)
Bacterial DNA gyrase is an established and validated target for the development of novel antibacterials. In our previous work, we identified a novel series of bacterial gyrase inhibitors from the class of 4-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl) thiazoles. Our ongoing effort was designated to search for synthetically more available compounds with possibility of hit to lead(More)