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A significant body of evidence has been provided to support the hypothesis that oxidant stress may be responsible for the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta in Parkinson's disease. Apomorphine, a dopamine D1/D2-receptor agonist in the clinical therapy of Parkinson's disease, has been found to be a potent antioxidant(More)
We have demonstrated the exchange of sifted quantum cryptographic key over a 730 meter free-space link at rates of up to 1.0 Mbps, two orders of magnitude faster than previously reported results. A classical channel at 1550 nm operates in parallel with a quantum channel at 845 nm. Clock recovery techniques on the classical channel at 1.25 Gbps enable(More)
We report on the observation of two neutrino-induced events which have an estimated deposited energy in the IceCube detector of 1.04±0.16 and 1.14±0.17 PeV, respectively, the highest neutrino energies observed so far. These events are consistent with fully contained particle showers induced by neutral-current ν(e,μ,τ) (ν(e,μ,τ)) or charged-current ν(e)(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes after nuclear injection of complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) expression vectors. The two receptor subtypes alpha 4/n alpha 1 and alpha 3/n alpha 1 were readily distinguishable from one another by ACh sensitivity and desensitization. alpha 3/n alpha 1(More)
TV3326, [(N-propargyl-(3R) aminoindan-5-yl)-ethyl methyl carbamate] is a novel aminoindan derivative of the selective irreversible monoamine oxidase (MAO)-B inhibitor, rasagiline (N-propargyl-(1R)-aminoindan), possessing both cholinesterase (ChE) and MAO-inhibitory activity. In doses of 35-100 micromoles/kg administered orally to rats, it inhibits ChE by(More)
There have been many attempts to discover neuroprotective drugs for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Many of these compounds either do not cross the blood brain barrier or are not very effective in the 6-hydroxydopamine or MPTP (N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-terahydropyridine) models of PD. We have examined several compounds including dopamine(More)
A precision measurement by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station of the positron fraction in primary cosmic rays in the energy range from 0.5 to 350 GeV based on 6.8 × 10(6) positron and electron events is presented. The very accurate data show that the positron fraction is steadily increasing from 10 to ∼ 250  GeV, but, from 20(More)
We report on results of an all-sky search for high-energy neutrino events interacting within the IceCube neutrino detector conducted between May 2010 and May 2012. The search follows up on the previous detection of two PeV neutrino events, with improved sensitivity and extended energy coverage down to about 30 TeV. Twenty-six additional events were(More)
IceCube has become the first neutrino telescope with a sensitivity below the TeV neutrino flux predicted from gamma-ray bursts if gamma-ray bursts are responsible for the observed cosmic-ray flux above 10(18)  eV. Two separate analyses using the half-complete IceCube detector, one a dedicated search for neutrinos from pγ interactions in the prompt phase of(More)