Andrej Frolov

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The receptor for advanced glycated end products (RAGE) is a multiligand receptor that is implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including diabetic complications, neurodegenerative disorders, and inflammatory responses. The ability of RAGE to recognize advanced glycated end products (AGEs) formed by nonenzymatic glycoxidation of cellular(More)
Phytohormones are the key metabolites participating in the regulation of multiple functions of plant organism. Among them, jasmonates, as well as abscisic and salicylic acids are responsible for triggering and modulating plant reactions targeted against pathogens and herbivores, as well as resistance to abiotic stress (drought, UV-irradiation and mechanical(More)
Glycation of peptides and proteins is a slow chemical reaction of reducing sugars modifying the amino groups. The first intermediates of this nonenzymatic glycosylation are the Amadori products that can undergo further chemical reactions, finally leading to advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The formation of AGEs was not only linked to aging of tissues(More)
Glycation (or non-enzymatic glycosylation) is a common non-enzymatic covalent modification of human proteins. Glucose, the highest concentrated monosaccharide in blood, can reversibly react with amino groups of proteins to form Schiff bases that can rearrange to form relatively stable Amadori products. These can be further oxidized to advanced glycation end(More)
As a result of the phenylpropanoid pathway, many Brassicaceae produce considerable amounts of soluble hydroxycinnamate conjugates, mainly sinapate esters. From oilseed rape (Brassica napus), we cloned two orthologs of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) gene reduced epidermal fluorescence1 (REF1) encoding a coniferaldehyde/sinapaldehyde dehydrogenase.(More)
Glycation is a common class of nonenzymatic posttranslational modifications relevant for several diseases and cell aging in general, such as D: -glucose-derived modifications at the epsilon-amino groups of lysine residues in blood proteins, especially albumin, immunoglobulin, and hemoglobin, for diabetic patients. These Amadori compounds are identified on(More)
Glycation is a non-enzymatic reaction of protein amino and guanidino groups with reducing sugars or dicarbonyl products of their oxidative degradation. Modification of arginine residues by dicarbonyls such as glyoxal and methylglyoxal results in formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). In mammals, these modifications impact in diabetes mellitus,(More)
Phenylpropanoid polyamine conjugates are widespread in plant species. Their presence has been established in seeds, flower buds, and pollen grains. A biosynthetic pathway proposed for hydroxycinnamoyl spermidine conjugates has been suggested for the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana with a central acyl transfer reaction performed by a BAHD-like(More)
We developed two mutant populations of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) using EMS (ethylmethanesulfonate) as a mutagen. The populations were derived from the spring type line YN01-429 and the winter type cultivar Express 617 encompassing 5,361 and 3,488 M2 plants, respectively. A high-throughput screening protocol was established based on a two-dimensional(More)
Nonenzymatic glycosylation (or glycation) is a common nonenzymatic side-chain specific sequence-independent posttranslational modification formed by the reaction of reducing carbohydrates with free amino groups. Thus, proteins can react with aldoses or ketoses to yield Amadori or Heynes compounds, respectively. Here, the fragmentation behavior of D-glucose(More)