Andreia Loureiro

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Ecological speciation through host-shift has been proposed as a major route for the appearance of novel fungal pathogens. The growing awareness of their negative impact on global economies and public health created an enormous interest in identifying the factors that are most likely to promote their emergence in nature. In this work, a combination of(More)
Hemileia vastatrix is a biotrophic fungus, causing coffee leaf rust in all coffee growing countries, leading to serious social and economic problems. Gene expression studies may have a key role unravelling the transcriptomics of this pathogen during interaction with the plant host. Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(More)
Two Coffea arabica — Hemileia vastatrix incompatible interactions (I1: coffee cv. Caturra — rust race VI and I2: coffee cv S4 Agaro — rust race II) and a compatible interaction (coffee cv. Caturra — rust race II) were compared in relation to the infection process and chitinase activity. In the two incompatible interactions the fungus ceased growth in the(More)
Coffee Leaf Rust, caused by Hemileia vastatrix, is the most important disease of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica), which prompts studies aimed at understanding the genetic basis of this pathogen as well as its complex interaction with the host. In this work, 11 genes, putatively involved in signalling, establishment and maintenance of biotrophy (transport(More)
Coffee (Coffea arabica L.), one of the key export and cash crops in tropical and subtropical countries, suffers severe losses from the rust fungus Hemileia vastatrix. The transcriptome of H. vastatrix was analysed during a compatible interaction with coffee to obtain an exhaustive repertoire of the genes expressed during infection and to identify potential(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 2 infection is associated with a better clinical outcome, slower rates of CD4 T cell decline, and lower viremia than is HIV-1. This study compares HIV-1 and HIV-2 in regard to the percentages of interleukin (IL)-2-, interferon (IFN)-gamma-, and IL-4-producing cells at the single-cell level, as determined by flow(More)
OBJECTIVE HIV-1 envelope proteins have immunosuppressive properties and it is thought that they have a role in the establishment of immunodeficiency. This study characterizes the immunological effects of HIV-2 envelope protein gp105, a virus which is associated with a slower rate of disease progression. METHODS The effects of recombinant(More)
Coffee production in Africa represents a significant share of the total export revenues and influences the lives of millions of people, yet severe socio-economic repercussions are annually felt in result of the overall losses caused by the coffee berry disease (CBD). This quarantine disease is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum kahawae Waller and Bridge,(More)
Hemileia vastatrix is the causal agent of coffee leaf rust, the most important disease of coffee Arabica. In this work, a 454-pyrosequencing transcriptome analysis of H. vastatrix germinating urediniospores (gU) and appressoria (Ap) was performed and compared to previously published in planta haustoria-rich (H) data. A total of 9234 transcripts were(More)
Appressoria are the first infection structures developed by rust fungi and require specific topographic signals from the host for their differentiation. The ease in obtaining appressoria in vitro for these biotrophic fungi led to studies concerning gene expression and gene discovery at appressorial level, avoiding the need to distinguish plant and fungal(More)