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We examined the temporal profile of apoptosis after fluid percussion-induced traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats and investigated the potential pathophysiological role of caspase-3-like proteases in this process. DNA fragmentation was observed in samples from injured cortex and hippocampus, but not from contralateral tissue, beginning 4 hr after TBI and(More)
Recent studies have suggested a role for neuronal apoptosis in cell loss following acute CNS injury as well as in chronic neurodegeneration. Caspases are a family of cysteine requiring aspartate proteases with sequence similarity to Ced-3 protein of Caenorhabditis elegans. These proteases have been found to contribute significantly to the morphological and(More)
This commentary is concerned with a formula for the false discovery rate (FDR) which frequently serves as a basis for its estimation. This formula is valid under some quite special conditions, motivating us to further discuss probabilistic models behind the commonly accepted FDR concept with a special focus on problems arising in microarray data analysis.(More)
Neuronal apoptosis plays an essential role in early brain development and contributes to secondary neuronal loss after acute brain injury. Recent studies have provided evidence that neuronal susceptibility to apoptosis induced by traumatic or ischemic injury decreases during brain development. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for this(More)
We have used an in vitro trauma model to examine the effects of modulation of group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) on post-traumatic neuronal cell death. Rat cortical neuronal/glial cultures were subjected to standardized mechanical injury using a punch that delivers 28 parallel cuts to 96-well culture plates, resulting in approximately 50%(More)
The CED-3-related cysteine proteases (CRCPs) have been implicated as mediators of apoptosis, primarily in hematogenous cell systems, but their role in neuronal apoptosis remains unclear. The present study examined the role of two CRCP families-CPP32- and interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (ICE)-like cysteine proteases-in apoptosis of cerebellar granule(More)
We introduce a nonparametric test intended for large-scale simultaneous inference in situations where the utility of distribution-free tests is limited because of their discrete nature. Such situations are frequently dealt with in microarray analysis where the number of tests is much larger than the sample size. The proposed test statistic is based on a(More)
Northern blot hybridization analysis was used to study regulation of nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR) mRNA content by glucocorticoids. Treatment for 6 h with dexamethasone (1 microM) caused a 40% decrease of NGFR mRNA content in PC12 cells and a 60% decrease in C6-2B glioma cells which was time and dose dependent. Dexamethasone (1 microM/kg) administered(More)
A test-statistic typically employed in the gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) prevents this method from being genuinely multivariate. In particular, this statistic is insensitive to changes in the correlation structure of the gene sets of interest. The present paper considers the utility of an alternative test-statistic in designing the confirmatory(More)
Anandamide (arachidonoylethanolamide or AEA) is an endocannabinoid that acts at vanilloid (VR1) as well as at cannabinoid (CB1/CB2) and NMDA receptors. Here, we show that AEA, in a dose-dependent manner, causes cell death in cultured rat cortical neurons and cerebellar granule cells. Inhibition of CB1, CB2, VR1 or NMDA receptors by selective antagonists did(More)