Andrei V Afonin

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According to the (1)H, (13)C and (15)N NMR spectroscopic data and ab initio calculations, the strong N--H...O intramolecular hydrogen bond in the Z-isomers of 2-(2-acylethenyl)pyrroles causes the decrease in the absolute size of the (1)J(N,H) coupling constant by 2 Hz in CDCl(3) and by 4.5 Hz in DMSO-d(6), the deshielding of the proton and nitrogen by 5-6(More)
The values of the downfield chemical shift of the bridge hydrogen atom were estimated for a series of compounds containing an intramolecular hydrogen bond O-HO, O-HN, O-HHal, N-HO, N-HN, C-HO, C-HN and C-HHal. Based on these values, the empirical estimation of the hydrogen bond energy was obtained by using known relationships. For the compounds containing(More)
According to the density functional theory calculations, the X...H...N (X=N, O) intramolecular bifurcated (three-centered) hydrogen bond with one hydrogen donor and two hydrogen acceptors causes a significant decrease of the (1h)J(N,H) and (2h)J(N,N) coupling constants across the N-H...N hydrogen bond and an increase of the (1)J(N,H) coupling constant(More)
1-Substituted imidazoles undergo exceptionally facile stereoselective ring opening under the influence of electron-deficient acetylenes and water (equimolar ratio of the reactants) in MeCN at 45-60 °C without any catalysts to afford functionalized (Z,Z)-1,4-diaza-2,5-dienes, (Z,Z)-propenylaminoethenylformamides, in up to 80% yields. The reaction is(More)
First examples of direct vinylation of 1-substituted imidazoles at the 2-position of the imidazole nucleus are described. 1-Substituted imidazoles 1a-e are C(2)-vinylated with 3-phenyl-2-propynenitrile (2) at room temperature without catalyst and solvent to afford 3-(1-organyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-3-phenyl-2-propenenitriles 3a-e, mainly (c.a. 95%) as(More)
In the series of diaminoenones, large high-frequency shifts of the (1)H NMR of the N-H group in the cis-position relative to the carbonyl group suggests strong N-H...O intramolecular hydrogen bonding comprising a six-membered chelate ring. The N-H...O hydrogen bond causes an increase of the (1)J(N,H) coupling constant by 2-4 Hz and high-frequency shift of(More)
In the (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra of selenophene-2-carbaldehyde azine, the (1)H-5, (13)C-3 and (13)C-5 signals of the selenophene ring are shifted to higher frequencies, whereas those of the (1)H-1, (13)C-1, (13)C-2 and (13)C-4 are shifted to lower frequencies on going from the EE to ZZ isomer or from the E moiety to the Z moiety of EZ isomer. The (15)N(More)
In the acetylenic aldehyde oximes with substituents containing silicon and germanium, the (13)C NMR signal of the C-2 carbon of triple bond is shifted by 3.5 ppm to lower frequency and that of the C-3 carbon is moved by 7 ppm to higher frequency on going from E to Z isomer. A greater low-frequency effect of 5.5 ppm on the C-2 carbon signal and a greater(More)
In the (1)H NMR spectra of the 1-vinylpyrroles with amino- and alkylsulfanyl groups in 5 and 2 positions, an extraordinarily large difference between resonance positions of the HA and HB terminal methylene protons of the vinyl group is discovered. Also, the one-bond (1)J(C(β),H(B)) coupling constant is surprisingly greater than the (1)J(C(β),H(A)) coupling(More)
According to the (1)H, (13)C and (15)N NMR spectroscopic data and DFT calculations, bifurcated N--H...N and N--H...O intramolecular hydrogen bond is shown to be present in 2-trifluoroacetyl-5-(2'-pyridyl)-pyrrole. This bifurcated hydrogen bond causes an increase in the absolute size of the (1)J(N,H) coupling constant by about 6 Hz, and the deshielding of(More)