Andrei State

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Accurate registration between real and virtual objects is crucial for augmented reality applications. Existing tracking methods are individually inadequate: magnetic trackers are inaccurate, mechanical trackers are cumbersome, and vision-based trackers are computationally problematic. We present a hybrid tracking method that combines the accuracy of(More)
We apply a look-up table technique to calibrate both position and orientation readings from a magnetic tracker for use in virtual environments within a defined working volume. In a test volume of 2.4 cubic meters, the method reduced the tracker’s average position error by 79% and its average orientation error by 40%. We test the correction table against the(More)
Registration (or alignment) of the synthetic imagery with the real world is crucial in augmented reality (AR) systems. The data from user-input devices, tracking devices, and imaging devices need to be registered spatially and temporally with the user’s view of the surroundings. Each device has an associated delay between its observations of the world and(More)
We present a new approach for establishing correspondence for morphing between two homeomorphic polyhedral models. The user can specify corresponding feature pairs on the polyhedra with a simple and intuitive interface. Based on these features, our algorithm decomposes the boundary of each polyhedron into the same number of morphing patches. A 2D mapping(More)
This work focuses on the simulation of mechanical contact between nonlinearly elastic objects such as the components of the human body. The computation of the reaction forces that act on the contact surfaces (contact forces) is the key for designing a reliable contact handling algorithm. In traditional methods, contact forces are often defined as(More)
We present a new approach for establishing correspondence between two homeomorphic 3D polyhedral models. The user can specify corresponding feature pairs on the polyhedra with a simple and intuitive interface. Based on these features, our algorithm decomposes the boundary of each polyhedron into the same number of morphing patches. A 2D mapping for each(More)
We present the design and a prototype implementation of a three-dimensional visualization system to assist with laparoscopic surgical procedures. The system uses 3D visualization, depth extraction from laparoscopic images, and six degree-of-freedom head and laparoscope tracking to display a merged real and synthetic image in the surgeon’s video-see-through(More)
Applications such as telepresence and training involve the display of real or synthetic humans to multiple viewers. When attempting to render the humans with conventional displays, non-verbal cues such as head pose, gaze direction, body posture, and facial expression are difficult to convey correctly to all viewers. In addition, a framed image of a human(More)
We present a real-time stereoscopic video-see-through augmented reality (AR) system applied to the medical procedure known as ultrasound-guided needle biopsy of the breast. The AR system was used by a physician during procedures on breast models and during non-invasive examinations of human subjects. The system merges rendered live ultrasound data and(More)