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Excessive inflammatory responses can emerge as a potential danger for organisms' health. Physiological balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory processes constitutes an important feature of responses against harmful events. Here, we show that cannabinoid receptors type 1 (CB1) mediate intrinsic protective signals that counteract proinflammatory responses.(More)
Cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptor activation affects gastrointestinal propulsion in vivo. It was our aim to further characterize the involved myenteric mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. In CB1(-/-) mice and wild-type littermates we performed in vivo transit experiments by charcoal feeding and in vitro electrophysiological recordings in mouse small intestinal(More)
Cannabinoid-1 (CB(1)) receptors on myenteric neurons are involved in the regulation of intestinal motility. Our aim was to investigate CB(1) receptor involvement in ascending neurotransmission in mouse colon and to characterize the involved structures by functional and morphological means. Presence of the CB(1) receptor was investigated by RT-PCR, and(More)
The enteric nervous system contains excitatory and inhibitory neurons, which control contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle cells as well as gastrointestinal motor activity. Little is known about the exact cellular mechanisms of neuronal signal transduction to smooth muscle cells in the gut. Here we generate a c-Kit(CreERT2) knock-in allele to target a(More)
The effects of cannabinoid receptor agonists and antagonists on smooth muscle resting membrane potentials and on membrane potentials following electrical neuronal stimulation in a myenteric neuron/smooth muscle preparation of wild-type and cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1)-deficient mice were investigated in vitro. Double staining for CB1 and nitric oxide(More)
CB1 and TRPV1 receptors modulate enteric neurotransmission and colonic inflammation. This study investigates early electrophysiological changes in distal colon of wild-type and receptor deficient mice after an inflammatory insult set by dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (DNBS). Colitis was induced by DNBS in CB1(-/-) mice, TRPV1(-/-) mice, and their respective(More)
BACKGROUND Constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) is a common functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorder with abdominal pain and decreased motility. Current treatments of IBS-C are insufficient. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential application of taranabant, a cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) inverse agonist using mouse models(More)
The enteric neural network in the proximal murine colon shows a regularly occurring hypoganglionic region, which is here characterized by using anatomical and electrophysiological techniques. Staining with NADPH diaphorase, methylene blue, and cuprolinic blue in standard whole mounts and three-dimensional gut preparations of the murine proximal colon(More)
1. Gap junctions exist between circular muscle cells of the colon and between interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the myenteric plexus of the gastrointestinal tract. They also probably couple intramuscular ICC with smooth muscle cells. Recent functional evidence for this was found in dye-coupling and myoelectrical experiments. 2. In the present study, we(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Nociceptin is the endogenous agonist of the "orphan" opioid receptor-1 (ORL-1). We investigated whether activation of the ORL-1 receptor influences smooth muscle contractility and enteric neurotransmission within ascending myenteric reflex pathways of rats. METHODS Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was performed to(More)