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BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated effects of air pollution on the incidence of cerebrovascular events. OBJECTIVES We assessed the association between long-term exposure to multiple air pollutants and the incidence of stroke in European cohorts. METHODS Data from 11 cohorts were collected, and occurrence of a first stroke was evaluated. Individual(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the effect of long term exposure to airborne pollutants on the incidence of acute coronary events in 11 cohorts participating in the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). DESIGN Prospective cohort studies and meta-analysis of the results. SETTING Cohorts in Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, and Italy. (More)
BACKGROUND Long-term aircraft noise exposure may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but no study has investigated chronic effects on the metabolic system. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate effects of long-term aircraft noise exposure on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, we explored(More)
OBJECTIVES Limited evidence suggests adverse effects of traffic noise exposure on the metabolic system. This study investigates the association between road traffic noise and obesity markers as well as the role of combined exposure to multiple sources of traffic noise. METHODS In a cross-sectional study performed in 2002-2006, we assessed exposure to(More)
BACKGROUND Air pollution has been associated with cardiovascular mortality, but it remains unclear as to whether specific pollutants are related to specific cardiovascular causes of death. Within the multicenter European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE), we investigated the associations of long-term exposure to several air pollutants with(More)
BACKGROUND Noise has been found to be associated with endocrine changes and cardiovascular disease. Increased cortisol levels and chronic sleep problems due to noise may increase the risk of obesity. OBJECTIVES We investigated the relationship between road traffic noise and obesity markers. Furthermore, we explored the modifying role of noise sensitivity,(More)
Several studies have indicated weakly increased risk for kidney cancer among occupational groups exposed to gasoline vapors, engine exhaust, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other air pollutants, although not consistently. It was the aim to investigate possible associations between outdoor air pollution at the residence and the incidence of kidney(More)
BACKGROUND Ambient air pollution contains low concentrations of carcinogens implicated in the etiology of urinary bladder cancer (BC). Little is known about whether exposure to air pollution influences BC in the general population. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and BC incidence. DESIGN,(More)
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