Andrei N Tsentsevitsky

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are potent regulators of transmitter release in chemical synapses, but the mechanism of this action remains almost unknown. Presynaptic modulation can change either the release probability or the time course of quantal release, which was recently recognized as an efficient mechanism determining synaptic efficiency. The(More)
The kinetics of neurotransmitter release was recognized recently as an important contributor to synaptic efficiency. Since adenosine is the ubiquitous modulator of presynaptic release in peripheral and central synapses, in the current project we studied the action of this purine on the timing of acetylcholine quantal release from motor nerve terminals in(More)
The effects of high-frequency nerve stimulation (10-100 Hz) on the kinetics of evoked acetylcholine quanta secretion from frog motor nerve endings were studied. The amplitude and temporal parameters of uni- and multiquantal endplate currents were analysed to estimate the possible changes in the degree of synchrony of quantal release. The frog neuromuscular(More)
Experiments on frog neuromuscular junctions have demonstrated that asynchrony of the acetylcholine quantal release forming the multi-quantal evoked response at high-frequency synaptic activity is caused, in particular, by a decrease in velocity of the action potential propagation along the non-myelinated nerve endings, which is mediated by activation of the(More)
There is some evidence that glutamate (Glu) acts as a signaling molecule at vertebrate neuromuscular junctions where acetylcholine (ACh) serves as a neurotransmitter. In this study, performed on the cutaneous pectoris muscle of the frog Rana ridibunda, Glu receptor mechanisms that modulate ACh release processes were analyzed. Electrophysiological(More)
Calcium entry into the nerve endings through voltage-dependent calcium channels triggers a chain of events leading to exocytosis of neurotransmitter, providing the transmission of excitation through the synapse. In this regard, a significant role of calcium ions and presynaptic calcium channels in the modulation of secretion is evident. However, the(More)
5 We have earlier demonstrated that in the course of highhfrequency stimulation of the motor nerve changes in amplitude of the endplate successive potentials (currents) are not only related to variation of the quantal content of synaptic responses, but also result from asynchronous release of acetylcholine (ACh) in individual active zones [1]. Since(More)
73 Increase in the intracellular level of Ca 2+ concenn tration leads to the initiation of a wide range of molee cular processes, including the activation of Ca 2+ dependent enzymes, gene expression, neurotransmitt ter release, etc. [1]. In spite of the variety of channels and pumps involved in the regulation of the intracelluu lar Ca 2+ metabolism, the(More)
A number of different types of presynaptic receptors was revealed in central and peripheral chemical synapses activated both by main mediator and co-mediators released simultaneously. Physiological significance and mechanisms of functioning of these receptors are not clear yet. They are assumed to provide negative or positive feedback decreasing or(More)
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