Andrei Leitão

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Estrogen is central to many physiological processes throughout the human body. We have previously shown that the G protein-coupled receptor GPR30 (also known as GPER), in addition to classical nuclear estrogen receptors (ER and ER), activates cellular signaling pathways in response to estrogen. In order to distinguish between the actions of classical(More)
Chk1 both arrests replication forks and enhances repair of DNA damage by phosphorylating downstream effectors. Although there has been a concerted effort to identify effectors of Chk1 activity, underlying mechanisms of effector action are still being identified. Metnase (also called SETMAR) is a SET and transposase domain protein that promotes both DNA(More)
Aromatase inhibitors (AI) are being evaluated as long-term adjuvant therapies and chemopreventives in breast cancer. However, there are concerns about bone mineral density loss in an estrogen-free environment. Unlike nonsteroidal AIs, the steroidal AI exemestane may exert beneficial effects on bone through its primary metabolite 17-hydroexemestane. We(More)
Three models have been proposed for the nature of the SOS-inducing signal in E. coli. One model postulates that degradation products of damaged DNA generate an SOS-inducing signal; another model surmises that the very lesions produced by UV damage constitute the SOS-inducing signal in vivo; a third model proposes that DNA damage is processed upon DNA(More)
A series of novel 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives based on structural and electronic overlap with combretastatins have been designed and synthesized. Initially, we tested all new compounds in vivo using the phenotypic sea urchin embryo assay to yield a number of agents with anti-proliferative, anti-mitotic, and microtubule destabilizing activities. The(More)
There is a critical need for improving the level of chemistry awareness in systems biology. The data and information related to modulation of genes and proteins by small molecules continue to accumulate at the same time as simulation tools in systems biology and whole body physiologically based pharmacokinetics (PBPK) continue to evolve. We called this(More)
Ligand efficiency metrics are used in drug discovery to normalize biological activity or affinity with respect to physicochemical properties such as lipophilicity and molecular size. This Perspective provides an overview of ligand efficiency metrics and summarizes thermodynamics of protein-ligand binding. Different classes of ligand efficiency metric are(More)
Prostate cancer is a leading cause of death among men due to the limited number of treatment strategies available for advanced disease. Discovery of effective chemotherapeutics involves the identification of agents that inhibit cancer cell growth. Increases in intracellular granularity have been observed during physiological processes that include(More)
Hantaviruses use α(v)β(3) integrins on the surface of human host cells as a gateway to invasion, hence compounds that target this receptor may be used as antiviral agents. To accomplish this aim, new peptidomimetic compounds were selected based on similarity to a cyclic peptide known to bind the α(v)β(3) receptor. This first round of biological screening(More)
BACKGROUND The enzyme gapdh, which acts in the glycolytic pathway, is seen as a potential target for pharmaceutical intervention of chagas disease. RESULTS Herein, we report the discovery of new Trypanosoma cruzi GAPDH (TcGAPDH) inhibitors from target- and ligand-based virtual screening protocols using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and molecular(More)