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Estrogen is central to many physiological processes throughout the human body. We have previously shown that the G protein-coupled receptor GPR30 (also known as GPER), in addition to classical nuclear estrogen receptors (ER and ER), activates cellular signaling pathways in response to estrogen. In order to distinguish between the actions of classical(More)
Aromatase inhibitors (AI) are being evaluated as long-term adjuvant therapies and chemopreventives in breast cancer. However, there are concerns about bone mineral density loss in an estrogen-free environment. Unlike nonsteroidal AIs, the steroidal AI exemestane may exert beneficial effects on bone through its primary metabolite 17-hydroexemestane. We(More)
Previous studies have shown that the DNA repair component Metnase (SETMAR) mediates resistance to DNA damaging cancer chemotherapy. Metnase has a nuclease domain that shares homology with the Transposase family. We therefore virtually screened the tertiary Metnase structure against the 550,000 compound ChemDiv library to identify small molecules that might(More)
Ligand efficiency metrics are used in drug discovery to normalize biological activity or affinity with respect to physicochemical properties such as lipophilicity and molecular size. This Perspective provides an overview of ligand efficiency metrics and summarizes thermodynamics of protein-ligand binding. Different classes of ligand efficiency metric are(More)
The ability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) to survive in low oxygen environments enables the bacterium to persist in a latent state within host tissues. In vitro studies of Mtb growth have identified changes in isocitrate lyase (ICL) and malate synthase (MS) that enable bacterial persistence under low oxygen and other environmentally limiting(More)
Understanding the relationship between chemical structure and function is a ubiquitous problem within the fields of chemistry and biology. Simulation approaches attack the problem utilizing physics to understand a given process at the particle level. Unfortunately, these approaches are often too expensive for many problems of interest. Informatics(More)
The cysteine protease cruzipain is considered to be a validated target for therapeutic intervention in the treatment of Chagas disease. Anti-trypanosomal activity against the CL Brener strain of T. cruzi was observed in the 0.1 μM to 1 μM range for three nitrile-based cysteine protease inhibitors based on two scaffolds known to be associated with cathepsin(More)
A series of compounds based on the dipeptidyl nitrile scaffold were synthesized and assayed for their inhibitory activity against the T. cruzi cysteine protease cruzain. Structure activity relationships (SARs) were established using three, eleven and twelve variations respectively at the P1, P2 and P3 positions. A Ki value of 16 nM was observed for the most(More)
Up to now many pharmacodynamic properties were taken into account, basically considering the ligand-target interactions. Nonetheless, a good drug candidate does not rely only on a good fit and the best match of hydrophobic and lipophilic interactions with the target macromolecule. In fact, there must be a compromise with many different properties that(More)
The estrogen receptor, ER, is an important biological target whose inhibition is known to be therapeutically relevant in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. In the present study, two prediction methods (CoMFA and GRIND (Almond)) were used to describe the binding modes of a set of estrogen receptor ligands. The critical alignment step presented in(More)
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