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How Purkinje cell (PC) activity may be altered by learning is central to theories of the cerebellum. Pavlovian eyelid conditioning, because of how directly it engages the cerebellum, has helped reveal many aspects of cerebellar learning and the underlying mechanisms. Theories of cerebellar learning assert that climbing fiber inputs control plasticity at(More)
The analysis of well-defined behaviors that require the cerebellum has helped reveal many key mechanisms operating in the cerebellum to mediate learning and feed-forward prediction. These systems include eyelid conditioning, adaptation of the vestibuloocular reflex, smooth pursuit eye movements, and arm-reaching tasks. This review focuses specifically on(More)
The discovery of single-trial learning effects, where the presence or absence (or the number) of climbing fiber inputs produces measureable changes in Purkinje cell response and in behavior, represents a major breakthrough in cerebellar learning. Among other things, these observations provide strong links between climbing fiber-mediated plasticity and(More)
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